Indian-administered Kashmir, where a movement for self-determination has bubbled for decades, is on edge again after a string of deadly violence.
Thirteen suspected militants died in three separate gunfights  with government forces during anti-militancy operations in the conflict-torn region on Sunday, April 1, 2018. Three Indian soldiers were also killed during the battles.
At the time, clashes broke out near two of the sites as locals tried to disrupt the Indian army operations and help rebels escape. Soon after the news broke about the deaths of the 13, protesters, mainly youth, took to streets. Four civilians were then killed  after the Indian army opened fire on them in the Dialgam and Kachidoora villages of south Kashmir.
— Wasim Khalid (@WasemKhalid) April 3, 2018 
Another civilian died later in Gandarbal district during clashes with local police after the protests spread there. Local police initially claimed that he had been hit by some object during clashes, but doctors have ruled out the possibility, as he had a firearm injury to his head.
Murdered by Indian occupation forces. Gowhar Rather, 22, breathes his last at SKIMS. A whole metal pellet cartridge in his skull. Another dream nipped in the bud. Another family devastated. #Kashmir  mourns. pic.twitter.com/4VqLp2xhQf 
— Burhan Gilani (@Katar_Koshur) April 3, 2018 
One of the civilians killed in Shopian leaves behind this 17 months old child. The tragedy called Kashmir. pic.twitter.com/1IAkvq3wtP 
— Shuja-ul-haq (@ShujaUH) April 2, 2018 
And according to family , Mushtaq Ahmad Thakur, a civilian, was also killed during the firefight after the Indian Army had asked him to lead them toward a nearby house where suspected militants were hiding.
During a press conference, the Indian army characterized  the deaths of the suspected rebels as a “special day for counter-terror operations” to avenge the killing of Lieutenant Ummar Fayaz Parry, whose bullet-ridden body was found in the village of Herman Shopian in May 2017. Army officials said two of the alleged militants killed in an encounter on April 1, 2018 were involved  in his death.
Read more: The Kashmiri People Versus the Indian State 
Over the past three decades, the people of the Kashmir Valley have demanded the right to hold a referendum  on their independence. In that time, more than 68,000 people have been killed in sporadic uprisings and subsequent crackdowns. The Indian military has been accused  of numerous human rights violations, including the enforced disappearances of over 8,000 people .
Reports say security forces used pellet guns on the protesters; more than 150 people have suffered injuries, with many of them hit by the pellets, some in their eyes. In the 2016 uprising, hundreds of young boys and girls either lost their eyesight completely or partially due to the pellets fired by government forces .
Kashmiri resistance leaders called for a widespread shutdown  in the Kashmir valley on April 2; following that call, authorities shut down mobile internet and imposed a curfew. The government also ordered schools and colleges to remain closed and canceled or postponed  several exams as the situation remains tense.