Protest against 112

Protest in January 2023 in front of a criminal court demanding the release of political prisoners who were charged for ‘insulting’ the monarchy. The proposal to amend the royal defamation law has become an election issue and topic of political debates. Photo from Prachatai, a content partner of Global Voices

Thailand’s election on May 14 will be a contest between the forces that supported the 2014 coup and those who deem it necessary to pursue urgent democratic reforms in governance.

The army leader who led the 2014 coup is the incumbent Prime Minister and is seeking re-election. General Prayut Chan-o-cha headed the military-backed government which drafted the 2017 Constitution. He appointed 250 members of the Senate, who all chose him to become Prime Minister in the 2019 election.

The same system will be used to determine the country’s next leader. On May 14, voters will cast their ballots for the 500-member Parliament. The next Prime Minister needs at least 376 votes from the Parliament and the Senate. Prayut has the initial advantage because Senate members were his appointees. But Prayut is not assured of getting the absolute support of the Senate since his former Deputy Prime Minister is also a candidate.

The continuing strong influence of the military and royalist forces in the government is a major election issue. Another key issue is the impact of the youth-led protest movement, which called for democratic reforms in 2020. The latter is credited for popularizing the demand to review the controversial Section 112 of the Criminal Code or the Royal Defamation Law (lese Majeste). For several years, the government has weaponized the law to stifle dissent and silence critics.

Global Voices extensively covered the 2014 coup, the rise of the pro-democracy movement, the campaign against Lese Majeste, the emergence of the student-led resistance in 2020, the crackdown during the pandemic, and the push for human rights protection during the ongoing election campaign.

Our coverage promotes the work of our media partners, Prachatai and EngageMedia, which offer independent reporting about the political situation in Thailand.

Several civil society groups have also initiated fact-checking activities and election-related platforms that track the campaign pledges of parties and candidates.

For additional context about the narratives related to Thai politics and elections, read the previous special coverage pages of Global Voices.

Stories about Thailand's 2023 election: Continuity or change?