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Protesters at the endSARS protest in Lagos, Nigeria. Photo by Kaizenify via Wikimedia (CC-BY-SA 4.0)

The Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), a specialized unit of the Nigerian police, was created in 1992 to fight the escalating crime rate in African’s most populous nation. 

However, SARS soon went rogue, gaining notoriety for their impunity and flagrant violation of human rights of Nigerian citizens. A 2016 report by Amnesty International described SARS as a “police squad operating outside the law” that has turned torture into “a means of extracting confessions and lucrative bribes.”

The movement to end SARS was born in 2017 from the hashtag #EndSARS, which trended on Twitter and was employed by netizens to track SARS abuses. 

The #EndSARS offline protests started on October 3, 2020, when a video of SARS members brutalizing a young man in a Lagos hotel went viral. As of October 9, the hashtag #EndSARS had racked up 2.4 million tweets and was the number one Twitter trending topic in several countries.

Since then, Nigerian youth have risen up en masse to wage war against police brutality. 

#EndSARS protests have sprung up in at least 12 of Nigeria’s 36 states, including Abuja, the federal capital, and Lagos. Protests also took place in many Nigerian diaspora communities.  

The protagonists of this protest are Nigerian youth, often the victims of SARS intimidation, harassment and torture. They have built a peaceful, organic, decentralized, nonpartisan mass action on social media and through street protests that cuts across ethnic and religious lines.

Global Voices’ correspondents in Nigeria, Nwachukwu Egbunike and Aremu Adeola, Jr., have covered this youth movement from its inception.  

Stories about #EndSARS: A youth movement to end police brutality in Nigeria

Nigerian protesters arrested for resisting reopening of the Lagos Lekki toll gate

The protest came on the heels of the Lagos Judicial Panel of Inquiry's decision to reopen the toll gate— a move perceived as insensitive to victims of the Lekki shootings.

Bullets, blood and death: The untold story of what happened at Lekki Toll Gate in Nigeria, Part I

“Why is [Lagos State Governor] Sanwo-Olu denying? Immediately after [the Lekki shooting], Sanwo-Olu came, parked at the toll gate. He saw dead bodies on the ground. Why is he denying?” 

Bullets, blood and death: The untold story of what happened at Lekki Toll Gate in Nigeria, Part II

Nicholas Okpe, an active #EndSARS protester, wore a patch on his right chest where a bullet pierced him. The bullet was still lodged in Okpe’s chest.

How Facebook derailed Nigeria’s #EndSARS movement

Online free speech advocates insist that Facebook’s flagging of #EndSARS content was neither a “mistake” nor a “bug,” but rather due to sparse investment in content moderation. 

President Buhari’s contempt for Nigerian youth-led #EndSARS movement

President Buhari emphasized state power over the human rights demands of citizens. “As far as Buhari was concerned, the youths who were killed at Lekki did not count for anything.”

Official obfuscation trails the Lagos shooting of anti-police protesters 

To cover their tracks after the gunning down of unarmed, peaceful protesters, some Nigerian state institutions are promoting false information and propaganda on social media.

Nigerian military opens fire on peaceful protesters in Lagos

Nigerian security officials opened fire on protesters in Lekki, Lagos, reportedly killing at least three people. Civil society groups say the government has "declared a war on the people."

#EndSARS protest movement at a crossroads as government evades the issue

The Nigerian government has shown zero commitment to protesters’ demands for police reform but wallows in self-deluding verbal platitudes that are as ineffectual as they are dishonest.

Ending police brutality in Nigeria: A festival of lights to honor the dead

Protesters from the #EndSARS movement agreed to hold a festival of lights on Friday night in honor of heroes who lost their lives due to police brutality.

The struggle to end Nigeria's brutal SARS police unit continues

The question of control over SARS has not been adequately answered. The constitution vested control of the police to the presidency under the police chief. But that chain-of-command has broken.

‘Lazy’ Nigerian youth mobilize #EndSARS protest from social media to the streets

Described as ‘lazy’ by Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari, with a significant number unemployed, stereotyped as ‘unserious’, these digitally savvy youth have proved critics wrong. 

In Ethiopia, disinformation spreads through Facebook live as political tensions rise

Online conspiracy theories, political rants and rumors laced with communal hatred are now common genres in Ethiopian social media.

Young, dreadlocked or tattooed in Nigeria? Police might harass or kill you.

SARS is Nigeria's police squad operating outside of the law

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