Thousands of women marched across the largest cities in Turkey on July 1, to protest Turkey's official withdrawal from the Istanbul Convention. Heavy police intervention and violence were reported throughout the country.
Turkey announced its decision to withdraw from the Convention on March 20, 2021. The Istanbul Convention is a legally-binding human rights treaty created by the Council of Europe pledging to prevent, prosecute, and eliminate domestic violence and promote gender equality. It was open to signature in 2011 and has been signed by 45 states.
Erdogan first expressed interest in leaving the convention in 2020. The final decision came after the president unveiled a human rights plan he said would “improve rights and freedoms in Turkey and help the country meet EU standards.”
Turkish police block women as they demonstrate against Turkey's decision to withdraw from the Istanbul Convention, in Istanbul, Turkey, 01 July 2021. Photo by Sedat Suna/EPA-EFE@epaphotos pic.twitter.com/pGxzg7c4Bx
— Sedat Suna (@sedatsuna) July 1, 2021
In the Turkish city Izmir, women were blocked by police barricades, prompting the chant “Build the barricades for murderers, not for women.” Police used tear gas and battered some of the protesters according to Gazete Duvar reporting.
18.45 – İzmir… #İstanbulSözleşmesi pic.twitter.com/Shzf48DXXJ
— Ka (@kazimkizil) July 1, 2021
This is not Handmaid’s Tale, this is Istanbul today. The police attacking the women who are there to defend their right not to be killed, protesting against Turkey’s withdrawal from Istanbul Convention. #İstanbulSözleşmesiHepimizin @MargaretAtwood https://t.co/UScvrQXw79
— Ece Temelkuran (@ETemelkuran) July 1, 2021
Protesters in central Istanbul held up placards reading: “We are not giving up on the Istanbul Convention. It's not over for us.”
Meanwhile, in Istanbul, tear gas is used this time against women marching in support of #IstanbulConvention which Turkey officially pulled out of today. https://t.co/UzcBSkS6NP
— Arzu Geybulla (@arzugeybulla) July 1, 2021
Ahead of the official withdrawal scores of women across Turkey shared videos of themselves united under the slogan #istanbulsözleşmesihepimizin (the Istanbul Convention is ours).
İstanbul Sözleşmesi Lale'nin, İrem'in, Deniz'in, Melis’in sözleşmesi. Benim, senin, herkesin sözleşmesi. #istanbulsözleşmesihepimizin Vazgeçmiyoruz! #1Temmuzdaİsyandayız pic.twitter.com/nxQRaAyMDq
— melis alphan ♀ (@melisalphan) July 1, 2021
At a July 1, event at the presidential palace in Ankara for “Action Plan for Combating Violence against Women,” President Erodgan insisted that the country and its leadership are committed to ending violence against women despite the decision to withdraw from the convention. “As the fight against violence against women did not begin with this treaty, so will our commitment not end because we are withdrawing,” he said. The President suggested numerous new measures to replace the convention, including, reviewing judicial processes, improving protection services, and gathering data on domestic violence.
The view among civil society initiatives fighting for women's rights in Turkey is different. According the initiative We Will Stop Femicide (WWSF) “300 Turkish women were murdered last year, most by their partners. A further 171 were found dead in suspicious circumstance,” WWSF's founder, Gülsüm Kav told The Guardian. This year alone, the platform has documented 130 femicides since January and 99 cases of women deaths in suspicious circumstances according to the initiative's monthly reports.
Meanwhile, the protests on July 1, did not just take place on the streets.
Turkey’s brave women protest against the government’s despicable decision to withdraw from #IstanbulConvention — an international treaty that protects women from violence and abuse. We will NOT give up. Defend women’s rights. #IstanbulConventionSavesLives pic.twitter.com/5KTv2ADeuf
— Elif Shafak (@Elif_Safak) July 1, 2021
U.S. State Department spokesman responding to Turkey's withdrawal on July 1 said the move was “a step backward for the international effort to end violence against women.”
Turkey’s withdrawal from the Istanbul Convention is deeply disappointing and a step backward for the international effort to end violence against women. We urge all states to strengthen their prevention of and response to all forms of gender-based violence.
— Ned Price (@StateDeptSpox) July 1, 2021
Amnesty International's secretary-general, Agnes Callamard, said the withdrawal sent a “reckless and dangerous message”:
#Turkey withdraw from the #IstanbulConvention has set the clock back ten years on women’s rights. This is the tip of the iceberg: an organised campaign globally against #women rights, SRR, equality, #gender, and #LGBTIQrights. We must come together to resist further assaults. https://t.co/llLVOpMGe9
— Agnes Callamard (@AgnesCallamard) July 1, 2021
A court appeal to halt the withdrawal was rejected last week.