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Travel bubble between Australia and New Zealand brings cheers and tears, but some fears

Families reunite as Jetstar flight from Australia lands in NZ

Video screenshot: Families reunite as Jetstar flight from Australia lands in NZ | Stuff.co.nz

In a world first, Australia and New Zealand have created a “travel bubble” allowing people to move between the two countries without COVID-19 quarantine. It will enable family members to visit their relatives, as well as boosting tourism. Approximately 500,000 New Zealanders live in Australia, whilst 60,000 Australians live in New Zealand.

In March 2020 both nations closed their borders to non-citizens and non-residents. Some exceptions applied. New Zealanders have been able to enter some Australian states since October 2020 but this freedom of movement was not reciprocated due to locally transmitted Covid-19 cases in Australia. This latest development follows the virtual elimination of community-transmitted cases in the country. Victoria – the worst affected state last year, which endured a four-month lockdown – has seen no local transmission for more than seven weeks.

The two countries are separated by the Tasman Sea, affectionately referred to as “the ditch”. The term “trans-Tasman” usually applies to relationships between the nations or their peoples – in this case it's a shared travel zone.

There are now direct flights between major cities in both countries., with 400 flights per week to and from Auckland expected to be running by the end of April.

Flights from Australia to New Zealand began on April 19, with cheers and tears seen at departure and arrival areas.

Journalist Sophie Trigger, an Australian living in New Zealand, posted about her journey on Twitter:

Wellington resident Jessica Avery's response to the scenes at airports was typical of many:

The #transtasmanbubble Twitter hashtag provides no shortage of tear-jerking moments, such as this one witnessed by Australian Associated Press New Zealand correspondent Ben McKay:

However, there was a note of caution from at least one Twitter user:

According to The Guardian, this was a concern widely shared in New Zealand:

Despite that upbeat mood, the bubble still represents a risk for New Zealand’s Covid-free haven – and a political risk for Ardern’s government. It has been greeted with trepidation by the wider New Zealand public, with polling finding only around half of New Zealanders, or 49%, were in favour of opening the trans-Tasman bubble.

There has been a push online for some time to open up a wider travel bubble with Pacific Ocean nations that have contained the coronavirus:

Not everyone on social media was sure about this idea:

With very poor timing, this week Fiji recorded its first case of Covid-19 outside quarantine since March 2020:

Meanwhile, a border worker has tested positive in New Zealand, adding to concerns about international travel:

Tony Blakely, professor of Epidemiology at the University of Melbourne, has examined risks to Australia associated with international travel and travel bubbles at The Conversation:

Here I propose three things we must consider:

  • the prevalence of the virus in the country from where travellers are coming, including the strain of virus
  • measures taken for the people travelling, including home quarantine and whether travellers are vaccinated
  • the percentage of our population who are immune.

Importantly, all these factors matter. It’s not simply a case of needing to ensure all travellers are vaccinated.

…we need a national framework to assess the risk. Focusing on one measure alone isn’t wise — you have to look at the whole system.

It is inevitable that there will be pressures on the travel bubble when community transmission of COVID-19 occurs in either country. Quarantine-free travel from New Zealand was suspended by Australia in January 2021 because of a case of a South African strain of Covid-19 across the Tasman.

The two-way system has been tested during its first week. New Zealand has paused travel from Perth, the State capital of Western Australia, as a result of a three-day lockdown there. A Victorian man tested positive after he completed 14 days quarantine at a Perth hotel and flew to Melbourne. Restrictions were also applied by NZ authorities to anyone on his flight and to exposure sites at the Melbourne Airport.

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