The cancellation of a five-day online conference commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Bangladesh War of Liberation organised by two Pakistani institutions has sparked widespread criticism by scholars and academics.
The conference “War, Violence and Memory: Commemorating 50 Years of the 1971 War” organised by Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) School of Humanities and Social Sciences, and the National Institute of Pakistan Studies (NIPS) at Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad was scheduled to take place from 23-27 March to mark the 50th anniversary of the creation of the nation of Bangladesh. No reason was given for the cancellation.
Professor Ali Usman Qasmi had announced the details of the event on Twitter on March 19:
The School of Humanities and Social Sciences, LUMS, in collaboration with the National Institute of Pakistan Studies (NIPS), Quaid-i-Azam University, is organizing an online conference to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the Bangladesh War of Liberation. Here's the schedule: pic.twitter.com/oOqRN1SUgA
— Ali Usman Qasmi (@AU_Qasmi) March 19, 2021
According to the Professor, the conference's aim was:
“. . . to gather academics and non-academic voices on one platform to showcase emerging research and critical approaches that can enhance our understanding of the 1971 conflict. The conference will cover the political history of East Pakistan between 1947-71, the democratic struggle for rights, and the genocidal military operation that resulted in mass displacement and massacres.”
Jibran Nasir, a lawyer and activist tweeted his appreciation of the event:
— M. Jibran Nasir (@MJibranNasir) March 19, 2021
Journalist Ejaz Haider, however, accused the organisers of emphasising historical events rather than addressing present-day issues such as India's abuses in Kashmir:
— EH (@ejazhaider) March 19, 2021
Haider's opinion, however, was challenged by others who were interested in the event. Then on March 20, tweets about the cancellation of the event started appearing, though there was no announcement on any of LUMS’ platforms. The hashtag #LUMS went viral and people began weighing in with their opinions on the cancellation.
Journalist Raza Rumi was:
Appalled at #LUMS cancelling an important conference on #1971 — no break from the erasure of memory & history. No country can succeed without introspection, learning from past mistakes & healing. Also worrying that if LUMS has no academic freedom then let’s forget about the others. pic.twitter.com/mr0yMGdrPV
— Raza Ahmad Rumi (@Razarumi) March 20, 2021
Hassan Javid, professor of politics and sociology at LUMS, said in a thread on Twitter that concerns had been raised over scheduling the conference to begin on March 23, the date on which Pakistan became a republic:
5. Rather than seeing 23 March as yet another opportunity to indulge in unbridled jingoism, it might make sense to reflect on whether the state has learnt any lessons from the factors that led to the independence of Bangladesh in 1971.
— Hassan Javid (@HassanJavid_) March 20, 2021
Republic Day—also called Pakistan Day—is celebrated annually in Pakistan and commemorates the passage of the Lahore Resolution on March 23 1940, and the adoption of the constitution on March 23 1956 that made Pakistan the world's first Islamic Republic. March 23 a usually marked by a Joint Services (JS) parade, which was postponed this year to March 25 due to inclement weather.
Some people even speculated that the event had been called off because the state and establishment were afraid of looking back at history.
Anas Tipu, a digital marketer, quipped:
dartay hain wardi wale aik zoom conference se .#LUMS
— anastipu (@teepusahab) March 21, 2021
People in uniform are scared of a zoom conference.
There is a persistent and long-standing narrative in Pakistan denying the atrocities committed by its army during the liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971. Pakistan is yet to extend to Bangladesh an official apology for the atrocities, though former Pakistan President General Pervaiz Musharaf did express regret for what had happened during a visit to Dhaka in 2002.
This is not the first time that an event in the academic arena has been called off, and some Pakistanis believe that the space for intellectual discussions has been shrinking over the past few years.
In April 2015, LUMS cancelled a talk by Baloch Activist Mama Qadeer titled “Un-silencing Balochistan,” ostensibly on orders from the government. Some days later, human rights activist Sabeen Mahmud was killed in Karachi after a talk titled “Unsilencing Balochistan Take 2: In Conversation with Mama Qadeer, Farzana Baloch and Mir Mohammad Ali Talpur” had taken place in Mahmud's community space, The Second Floor.
Last time LUMS buckled, someone got killed https://t.co/VXHI5GsYft
— Mohammed Hanif (@mohammedhanif) March 20, 2021
In 2019, the Saadat Hasaan Manto Festival in Lahore was postponed after religious extremists claimed that the celebrated author's works promote vulgarity. More recently, another talk on Balochistan was cancelled at Sindh Literature Festival 2021.
The Bangladesh Liberation War
At the partition of the Subcontinent in 1947, Pakistan was divided into two wings, East and West Pakistan, with India in between. In December 1970, the Awami League from East Pakistan won 160 out of 300 seats in the Pakistani general election, its leader, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the founding father of Bangladesh, becoming the Prime Minister-designate who would lead Pakistan to democracy by transferring power from the President and Chief Martial Law Administrator, General Yahya Khan. But Khan delayed the transition, as the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) chairman Zulfikar Ali Bhutto did not want a party from East Pakistan included in the federal government. This led to unrest and civil disobedience in East Pakistan.
The Bangladesh liberation war started on the night of March 25, 1971, when the Pakistani military launched Operation Searchlight to quell the Bengali nationalist movement. East Pakistan declared its independence as the nation of Bangladesh on March 26, 1971, and a nine-month-long armed liberation war ensued in which civilians and Mukti Bahini — the national liberation army—took up arms against the Pakistani army. They were aided by neighbouring India, which was burdened with millions of refugees as a result of the atrocities and the genocide by the Pakistan army, which Bangladesh claimed resulted in the deaths of 3 million.
India entered into direct war with Pakistan in December 1971 on the Western Borders to support the Mukti Bahini in East Pakistan, and on December 16, 1971, the Pakistani Army surrendered. December 16 is known as Victory Day in Bangladesh and the Fall of Dhaka in Pakistan.