Istanbul's renowned Boğaziçi University has been swayed by mass protests since early January demanding the resignation of a new rector appointed by President's Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.
Rector Melih Bulu, who took office on January 1, has ties to the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), having contested parliamentary elections in 2015 with the bloc.
In 2016, President Erdoğan secured the right to appoint universities’ rectors; previously, they were elected by the academic body.
Boğaziçi's students see Bulu's appointment as another step in Turkey's democratic backslide and compare it to the replacement of over one hundred elected mayors with government appointees in recent years.
In addition to his ties to the ruling party, Bulu has also been criticized for his lack of qualifications. He has also been accused of plagiarism (he denied this).
The crackdown on the protests has been harsh and sweeping: Police have used pepper spray and rubber bullets to repress demonstrations in January. On February 1, it arrested none less than 159 Boğaziçi students for participating in the rallies. While all have been released over the course of the week, some have been sentenced to house arrest or released under judicial control.
On February 2, the university witnessed more protests, with professors seen holding signs with the number 159:
Turkey: Bogazici faculty today, after police detained 159 students yesterday. pic.twitter.com/3ZuxHCsDZw
— Piotr Zalewski (@p_zalewski) February 2, 2021
Students’ fears that the new rector would curtail academic freedom turned out to be well-founded: One of Bulu's first order of business was to shut down the LGBTI+ Studies Candidate Club for organizing an art exhibition that featured a drawing of the Kaaba, a holy site for Muslims, with a rainbow flag attached to its corners. Two students were arrested last weekend in connection with the art event.
Turkey's religious affairs directorate, Diyanet, claimed students “disrespected religious values” with the drawing. And a tweet about the issue by Presidential Communications Director Fahrettin Altun attracted online criticism as it appeared to downplay the reasons for the protests:
Boğaziçi Üniversitesi'ndeki “Rektörlük Ablukası” suçunu işleyenleri harekete geçiren şey, aşağıdaki karardır.
Görüleceği üzere kutsal değerlerimizi ayaklar altına almaya çalışanlara karşı üniversite yönetimi meşru bir tasarrufta bulunmuştur.
Olay bundan ibarettir. pic.twitter.com/a9v4sqb0Di
— Fahrettin Altun (@fahrettinaltun) February 1, 2021
What motivated those who committed the crime of “blockading the Rector's Office” at Boğaziçi University is the decision below. As it can be seen, the university administration has taken a legitimate decision in the face of those trying to trample upon our sacred values. That is all.
Also commenting on the rector's decision, Turkey's Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu called LGBTQ+ individuals “perverts” in a tweet that was subsequently flagged by the platform as “hateful content:”
Tuzağa düşmeyin… pic.twitter.com/HZKRM18fPL
— Süleyman Soylu | Maske? Mesafe↔️ Temizlik? (@suleymansoylu) February 2, 2021
Should we be lenient towards those LGBT perverts who insult the Kaaba? Of course not. Should we be lenient towards the LGBT perverts who attempted to occupy the rectorate building? Of course not. I have a message for those watching what is happening at Boğaziçi: Don't fall into the trap of those who have not one single achievement, who have become a toy in the hands of one agency, who are outdated, not even leftists politicians. Our expectations from you is scientific success. Our expectation from you is academic excellence. Our expectation from you is to prepare yourselves for Big and Strong Turkey.
Bulu has so far refused to resign, stating that his appointment “met global standards”. AKP's spokesperson Omer Celik has also rushed to the rector's defense, saying “it is not a crime for a person to have a political view.”
But in Erdoğan's Turkey, it may as well be the case. The president's persecution of academics is well documented: After the 2016 coup, thousands of professors were dismissed from their jobs after signing a petition calling for peace with Kurdish militants. Lawyers, rights defenders, journalists, and civil servants have also been arrested, detained, or targeted in recent years over their alleged ties to “terrorism.”
Not surprisingly, Erdoğan himself told reporters that “terrorists” were involved in this year's protests.
On January 8, some sixty Boğaziçi University alumni, including writers, artists, and other notable figures, signed a joint statement against the appointment of Bulu. “A rector appointed without a democratic process would harm the traditional values that Boğaziçi has represented for 150 years,” it reads.
Meanwhile, the university's academics released a separate statement saying this was the first time since the 1980 military coup that a rector was appointed from outside the university's ranks, without an internal election.
The protests at Boğaziçi University may be the most recent standoff between the secular society and the populist, authoritarian government seated in Ankara. But who will win in this power struggle remains to be seen. So far, Bulu is leading.