As the Black Lives Matter protests that followed the killing of George Floyd in the United States evolved into a global anti-racism movement, communities around the world were inspired to translate the protest slogan into their own languages.
The task, however, isn't always straightforward. On Chinese social media, there has been a lot of debate around what would the most appropriate translation of “Black Lives Matter” in Chinese — and the confusion contributed, perhaps unwittingly, to the spread of racist discourse among Chinese-speaking communities.
The most popular translation of the hashtag #blacklivesmatter or #BLM in Chinese is #黑命貴, which means “black lives are expensive” or “black lives are valuable.”
But describing someone’s life as expensive in Chinese usually implies that the person in question is from a privileged social class, as a few netizens have pointed out:
Side note, the translation'黑命贵’ works for right wing xenophobic agenda (didn't know who coined it), for ‘贵’ literally means ‘precious’ and ‘valuable’, and it's used to spread the misinformation that BLM is about ‘black lives value more than other’
— 铪锶合金 (@thundy2002) June 9, 2020
While some have proposed alternatives such as #黑人的命也是命 (“black lives are lives”), #黑人同命 (“black lives are the same”), and #黑命攸關 / #黑人生命攸關 (“‘black lives’ is an important issue to address”), those are rarely used.
Instead, the misleading translation seems to have caught on. @SlowZhu, a user who follows and supports the Hong Kong protests, noticed that it even appeared on a Netflix talk show, and urged the program to change it:
Here’s the @netflix translation in simplified Chinese for BLM in @patriotact. 黑命贵 doesn’t mean black lives matter in Chinese, but applies that black lives matter more or only black lives matter. It’s not a secret that Asian communities hold certain type of images of black ppl. pic.twitter.com/613zTvQGMx
— ((走马困))??? (@SlowZhu) July 16, 2020
As a bilingual user, knowing the harm “黑命贵” creates, I urge ppl who understand this issue to ask @netflix Please audit the simplified Chinese subtitles, please check the misleading/racist translations. Words matter, #BLM
— ((走马困))??? (@SlowZhu) July 16, 2020
The “黑命贵” translation has been widely used by Chinese diaspora communities, in particular anti-CCP media outlets such as Epoch Times, Bannedbook.org, Aboluowang.com, and by post-1989 Chinese political dissents.
When the Chinese tag #黑命貴 appears on Twitter, the content usually includes negative views of the BLM movement.
For example, one video that appeared on the top results of a search for #黑命貴 depicted a violent scene of a dark-skinned man beating up a Chinese woman in Guangzhou. The video was tagged with #BLM and in Chinese #黑命貴 (“black lives are expensive”), #黃命賤 (“yellow lives are cheap”), and #廣州 (“Guangzhou”).
Many tweets using this tag, such as this one by @Sumerian0 from August 7 and this other one by @lamfromorient from August 5, have resonated with supporters of the rightwing conspiracy theory that the BLM protests are organized by Antifa, which US President Donald Trump has threatened to designate as a “terrorist organization.”
The flood of #黑命貴 (#black lives are expensive) discourse on Chinese social media has given Chinese-speaking communities around the world an impression that Chinese-Americans don't support the BLM protests.
However, there are many young Chinese-Americans who have been proactively addressing the anti-black racism within their communities, sharing strategies to talk about the issue with their family members, and participating in protests in the US and around the world:
Happy Juneteenth Day! We are joining today’s #JuneteenthDay event at City Hall New York. #chineseforblacklives #asiansforblacklives #yellowperilforblackpower pic.twitter.com/CsmuHcd1p8
— ChineseForBlackLives (@chineseforblac1) June 19, 2020
From seadyke :”#Chinese4BlackLives join the movement and be the change! None of us are free until all of us are free! #blacklivesmatter” pic.twitter.com/5idhlv0lvU
— ChineseForBlackLives (@chineseforblac1) June 13, 2020
HK protestor are in line with BLM,
We Hong Kongers are against #PoliceBrutality . pic.twitter.com/43cr5fZFWo
— I ??????我反抗?ergo sum?故我在?Ⓐ??️ (@LynxEvil721) July 28, 2020
when will you stop using americafor
Chinese netizens also actively discussed the George Floyd protests, which are subject to less government censorship than similar protests happening in Hong Kong. Despite efforts to build solidarity and provide context to America’s systemic racism, some influencers initiated Weibo campaigns and coined hashtags like #AsiansMatter, posting yellow boxes to demand more attention without acknowledging the cause from the African American community.