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As COVID-19 sweeps through Africa, musicians have taken a hit with canceled concerts, festivals, tours and interrupted studio time.
Yet, musicians have also risen to the challenge by composing catchy tunes to raise awareness and inspire hope, while others have seized the moment to capture their fans’ attention to send other messages. As always, musicians are on the move. And their work is global. Music is universal.
From West  to East Africa, a new genre of “corona” songs merge the global with local as musicians adapt creative messages with unique musical styles.
These songs and videos mirror social life and issues that directly engage listeners. They express concerns and passions — but may also present contradictions. Many seem to have been produced at breakneck speed, circulating on Instagram and YouTube as musicians rush to meet the corona moment.
And a long history of “infotainment” songs — often propped up by the international development world — may have also prepared musicians for this moment.
Here’s a shortlist of new “corona” songs currently coming out of East Africa:
Mzee wa Bwax, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Mzee wa Bwax gives us a corona song in the singeli  style — a genre that grew out of the jerry-rigged beats of groups like Jagwa . This is music from Uswahilini — the areas of Dar es Salaam where people live closely together. The video clearly visualizes the problems with a lack of sanitation and social distance in markets and inside dala-dala (public vans):
Maua Sama x Marioo, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Bonga Flava stars Maua Sama  and Marioo  produced this corona song using smooth, chill bongo beats to promote a message of preventive actions against the dangers of the coronavirus. Bongo Flava meets public health:
Khaligraph Jones, Kenya
Rapper Khaligraph Jones’ corona freestyle  aims at Kenyans not taking the coronavirus and self-isolation seriously . But this is not your typical infotainment song — rather, he uses corona to diss other rappers and as a burn against socialite, Huddah Monroe:
Zenji Boy & The Band, Stone Town, Zanzibar
Zenji Boy  comes through with a Zenji Flava song and video that calls on God to help the doctors and nurses as they attempt to treat this virus without a cure. Produced through Stone Town Records , the song is laced with preventive measures, warning listeners to refrain from shaking hands and hugging. The title of the song, and the refrain, “corona inauwa,” Swahili for “corona kills,” warns listeners to take the prevention measures seriously:
Jimmy Gait, Kenya
This gospel singer’s corona song and video tell the story of a friend who is married to a European man. He suffers from coughing and difficulty breathing — and then he dies. The doctor concludes the coronavirus as the cause. Gait’s message is that “God is in control,” and that “itakuwa sawa,” Swahili for “it will be okay.” Although the song and video include advice on prevention, his strong message of faith paired with dramatic visuals may add to the confusion:
DannyP's song was among the first corona-inspired tunes released in East Africa, on March 5. It has an upbeat Kamba  sound, and the video features a dance involving characters wearing face masks, more of a corona fashion statement than an advisable  preventive action. The song suggests solutions such as President Uhuru Kenyatta restricting Chinese from entering Kenya, — and calling upon God.
Bobi Wine ft. Nubian Li, Uganda
“The bad news is that everyone is a potential victim!” cries out Bobi Wine, the famous musician and politician in Uganda. His latest hit, “Corona Virus Alert,” promises that “the good news is that everyone is a potential solution!”
An industry in crisis
Even as musicians rush to produce hits that inform and inspire, the music industry in East Africa has faltered as travel and global commerce have come to a halt.
Major music festivals in Africa have announced cancellations  such as the Cape Town Jazz Festival in South Africa, MTN Bushfire Festival in eSwatini, Atlantic Music Expo in Cape Verde and Blankets and Wine in Kenya, according to Jess White of Akum Agency.
Many musicians have lamented the loss of essential income  from concerts, tours and festival gigs. Venue owners and agents have also worried about their future of musical projects, series, and programs.
Kenyan musician Makadem  is currently stranded in Denmark, where he'll give a concert on March 28, with support from an artistic relief program  that offers free live-stream productions to musicians affected by corona related cancellations.
On March 25, the South African government announced a “cash injection” for creatives and entertainers in an attempt to curb the blow in the amount of $860,000 earmarked for those affected by COVID-19-related restrictions within South Africa.
Priority will be given to artists who were booked to perform at state-funded  events as well as other “legends” in the industry, according to Music in Africa.
But White asked  in a Facebook post on March 25:
Is that it? Money for legends, people who were booked for government events and emerging artists fight for the scraps at provincial levels… what about other layers of the industry?
Indeed, musicians in other African countries have not been offered any type of government support or sponsorship for lost income due to COVID-19 restrictions.
Issac Peter Abeneko , a performing artist from Tanzania, has dropped two new songs and urged his fans to follow him on YouTube  after he lost a major European tour due to the coronavirus. Abeneko, who runs the famous music series, Marafiki Live, in Dar es Salaam, also appealed to fans for funds to keep the popular series going, along with a public health message:
We are looking forward to resuming the Marafiki Night Live after the current situation got improved, we shall all work together highly to reduce the rapid spread of the Covid-19 outbreak.
1. Stay home & work from home to avoid crowded areas. 2. Social distancing 3. Clean your hands often with soap/hands sanitizer. 4. Stay safe and health.
Rest in Power
As musicians in East Africa and across the continent attempt to pivot in this new paradigm, the industry already mourns the loss of legends.
The coronavirus has claimed the life of musical giant Manu Dibango , a revered jazz saxophonist from Cameroon:
Today we lost a legend. RIP Manu Dibango 🎷 pic.twitter.com/1SiZaxpAOI 
— BBC News Africa (@BBCAfrica) March 24, 2020 
And Aurlus Mabele, known as the king of Congolese soukous music:
Aurlus Mabele: Congolese music legend dies ‘from coronavirus’ https://t.co/n04fEUwXvg 
— BBC News Africa (@BBCAfrica) March 20, 2020 
In Denmark, the first reported corona-related death was Kwabena Maanu — originally born in Ghana, and later a Danish citizen. Many, among others, the journalist Søren Villemoes paid tribute to Maanu’s contribution to spreading African music in Denmark:
Jeg er i TV2 Nyhederne kl 19 for at fortælle om en af vores første corona-ofre, altid glade Kwabena Maanu, som var min fars nære ven, og som jeg har kendt fra jeg var lille. Han bragte afrikansk musik til Danmark i 1980erne. En sand legende.
Rest In Power. pic.twitter.com/H2b2f0BmjF 
— Søren K. Villemoes (@SrenKVillemoes) March 16, 2020 
In the TV2 News at 19:00 I will talk about one of our first victims of corona, always happy Kwabena Maanu, who was my dad’s close friend, and whom I’ve known since I was a child. He brought African music to Denmark in the 1980s. A true legend. Rest In Power.
However, Tanzanian musician Diamond’s manager, Sallam Sharaff,  fell sick with the virus on March 19, after visiting Switzerland, Denmark and France, and is now recovering. And Tanzanian rapper MwanaFM  also tested positive for the virus on March 20, and is also reportedly recovering at home.