The summer holiday ended on 2 September and students in Hong Kong have returned to schools and universities. Many pro-establishment supporters were expecting that this would mark a gradual die down of the disruptive protests that have taken over the city.
However, they may have underestimated the determination of Hong Kong’s young generation as thousands of university and secondary school students have brought street protests to the school campus.
Statue of democracy in “the University of the Rioters”
On 31 August, a “Statue of Democracy” was erected at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. The statue, a work sponsored by online crowdfunding, depicts a protester in the front line equipped in full gear  with a helmet, goggles and gas mask, holding an umbrella in their right hand and a flag with the slogan, “Reclaim Hong Kong. Revolution of our Time”.
Earlier in June, The Chinese University of Hong Kong was labeled (in Chinese) “The University of the Rioters” on Google map  as a part of a smear campaign against university students’ participation in the anti-extradition protests. But both the students and alumni of CUHK gladly took on the label with pride.
During the university student union’s orientation with the incoming students, black t-shirts and typical protest gear became the dress code:
What freshers’ orientation in Hong Kong looks like this year
— Victor Ting (@VictorTing7) August 28, 2019 
On the first day of the new school term, the campus was the main site for the university class boycott assembly:
Incredibly long banners at today’s #antielab  class boycott assembly at the Chinese University of #HongKong  (CUHK) on the first day of new school term. Photos by MP Weekly. https://t.co/3XXPyLYrRY  pic.twitter.com/6cFVJDmXoc 
— Carmen Ng 吳嘉文 (@Carmen_NgKaMan) September 2, 2019 
Human chains in high schools
About 180 high schools have students joining class boycott action  as well. As the majority of the secondary schools are sponsored by the government’s education bureau, high school students have to face a lot more pressure as they participate in protest actions. Before the school term started, the education bureau handed down a notice demanding that school administrators discourage class boycotts, mute political discussion in classrooms, and submit protest reports to the bureau. Yet, the students have not backed off.
On the first day of school, thousands of high school students gathered in Central to attend a class boycott assembly:
HK school students strike rally underway in Central, the crowd dressed in either white school uniforms or black resistance uniforms, chanting slogans of the movement. 1/2 pic.twitter.com/KCxXaL7Wc2 
— Antony Dapiran (@antd) September 2, 2019 
On the second day, they returned back to school and formed a human chain, reciting the five major demands of the anti-extradition protests, including complete withdrawal of the bill, an independent investigation of the incident, democratic political reform, etc…:
Children are our future.
Why are these HK students holding demonstrations at school? All because they know too well: Freedom is Priceless! Democracy must not be abused!
.#HongKongProtests  #antiEALB  #FreedomHK  pic.twitter.com/Gkfebn7pTR 
— Jennifer HY Chan 🇭🇰⛱ (@Jennifer_hk2019) September 3, 2019 
Some of the protests are very creative and touching. In one school, when the school authorities played the Chinese national anthem during the inauguration ceremony, students sang “Do you hear the people sing?” instead:
#TearjerkerAlert  Secondary students singing “Do You Hear The People Sing” instead of the Chinese national anthem during the school Inauguration ceremony. They remained silent when the school anthem was played & chanted slogans afterwards. #BackToSchool  #HongKongProtests  #antiELAB  pic.twitter.com/HWxtUXsSk0 
— Freedom HK (@FreedomHKG) September 4, 2019 
Only a few schools allowed students to take collective action inside the campus:
Secondary school students gathered at the basketball court and the corridors on each floor, chanting “there are no rioters, only tyranny” and “#Hongkongers , add oil!”
— Freedom HK (@FreedomHKG) September 3, 2019 
Freedom is not a given. In some high schools, pro-establishment alumni gathered outside the campus to intimidate students. Even worse, a number of school administrators called up police officers to stop the students from protesting. A school boy was hurt rather badly and hospitalized as a police officer chased after him inside the campus:
A high school in TaiPo, the Principal refused to let anti-government students get inside the school area this morning. Police came and recorded ID no. of some students. A boy was hurt when taking down by police. #HongKong  #HKPoliceState  #HongKongProtests  pic.twitter.com/2QHnNO9olD 
— Freedom HK (@FreedomHKG) September 3, 2019 
Instead of reflecting upon China’s policy in Hong Kong, Beijing's Hong Kong and Macau Affair Office recited the need to strengthen patriotic education in Hong Kong. The proposal of a compulsory moral and national education curriculum  in Hong Kong in 2012 nurtured Joshua Wong  and his cohort of student activists. Currently, the anti-extradition protests have brought up a more resilient generation of student protesters. Repressive policies may control the present, but not the future.