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A series of bomb attacks on churches and hotels spark terror in Sri Lanka

Categories: South Asia, Sri Lanka, Breaking News, Citizen Media, Disaster, Human Rights, International Relations, Law, Politics, Religion

The historic St. Anthony's church at Kochikade in Colombo is a popular destination for Sri Lankans and tourists. More than 50 people died here in the morning of Sunday, April 21, 2019. Image by AntanO via Wikimedia Commons CC: BY-SA 4.0.

Sri Lanka was rocked [2] by series of eight blasts on Easter Sunday morning (21 April 2019) in locations including churches and hotels across the country, leaving at least 207 people dead and more than 450 injured.

The six explosions in the coordinated bombings targeted churches packed with worshippers who were attending Easter Sunday services. These include St. Anthony's church [3] at Kochchikade in Colombo, St. Sebastian's Church in Negombo, and Zion Church in the Tamil-dominated city of Batticaloa. At least 67 people died at St Sebastian's church alone.

The bombings also targetted luxury hotels in the capital city, Colombo — the Cinnamon Grand, the Kingsbury, and the Shangri-La, where at least 35 foreigners were killed.

The seventh blast was at a small hotel in the suburb of Dehiwala in capital Colombo.

The eighth blast was a suicide bomb in the Dematagoda district of Colombo which killed three police officers.

No one has yet claimed responsibility for the attacks. However, reports suggest that they were the work [21]of suicide bombers.

The Sri Lankan government has declared [22] an islandwide curfew from 6 p.m. local time to the next morning. Additionally, social media sites including Facebook and Instagram were temporarily blocked [23] to prevent the further spread of false news.

However, Twitter was not blocked and is providing some useful information.

Sri Lanka [37] is a multi-ethnic and multi-religious country. Sinhalese (74.8 percent) constitute the largest ethnic group in the country, followed by Sri Lankan Tamils (11.2 percent) and Sri Lankan Moors (9.2 percent). In terms of religion, Buddhists (most of the Sinhalese ethnic group) comprise 70 percent of the 22 million population followed by Hindus (13 percent), Muslims (10 percent) and Christians (7 percent).

The country suffered a three-decade-long civil war [38] between government armed forces and separatist Tamil militant group Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam [39] (LTTE) which ended in 2009. The bombings have reminded [40] citizens of the attacks of those times [41].

Defence Minister Ruwan Wijewardane vowed [42] to take all necessary action against any extremist group that is operating in the country. He also echoed the response of the New Zealand government after the Christchurch shooting last March:

Cardinal Archbishop of Colombo Malcolm Ranjith urged the people of Sri Lanka not to spread “hearsay” and to “wait patiently and work for peace and harmony”.

Freelance journalist and educator Kelum Samarasena agreed:

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe urged [48] all Sri Lankans to remain calm and united.

People flocked to the hospital to donate blood:

International leaders including Pope Francis condemned [55] the violence.