In Chapai Nawabganj, a district in northwestern Bangladesh, the villages all share one unique characteristic — traditional mud houses painted with colourful motifs known as Alpana. Tikoil is one village that has gained fame as the Alpana Village.
On the occasion of the Bengali New Year (known as Pahela Baisakh), Berger Paints Bangladesh Limited, a leading manufacturer of paints in the country, has launched a new advertisement campaign featuring Tikoil village. The ad boasts of a synthetic alternative to the traditional paints used by Alpana artists, drawing widespread criticism from the online community.
Mud houses are integral to the heritage of rural Bangladesh and found in the highlands and mountainous regions. They sit on raised platforms made of compacted earth and straw mixed with mud is used to build the walls and floors. Unlike other houses, mud houses offer quite a comfortable living environment during the winter and summer seasons as they keep the temperature cool when it is hot outside and warm when it is cold outside. There is one mud house in Naogaon district in northern Bangladesh that boasts of 108 rooms.
The exact history of the tradition of Alpana in this region, which is known as Varendra, cannot be ascertained. However, people say that they have kept it alive for generations. Alpana artists are usually women who create these elaborate motifs during special occasions such as worshipping ceremonies or Muslim and Hindu weddings. Alpana is also painted inside the home.
The process of creating paint for Alpana art is based on an age-old technique. Natural colours are made from curry leaves, red mud, boiled red rice, granular sand, and other leaves.
Paint company bring controversy to Alpana art
The Berger Paints Bangladesh Limited ad suggests that the natural Alpana colours do not last long, leaving them prone to fade in rainwater. Instead, the company offers paint products that Alpana artists can use as an alternative to ensure that their paintings last longer.
As soon as the ad aired, many objected to the idea of using artificial colours. Freelance writer and photographer Apu Nazrul writes on Facebook:
সারা পৃথিবী যখন ইন-অর্গানিকের ধ্বংস থেকে বাঁচতে হন্য হয়ে অর্গানিক সোর্স খুঁজছে ঠিক সেই মুহুর্তে টিকোইল গ্রামে গিয়ে বার্জার অর্গানিক সোর্স থেকে রঙ তৈরী করা গ্রামবাসীর হাতে তুলে দিয়েছে নিজেদের সিনথেটিক রঙ। তার ফলে এখন নাকি আর কয়দিন পর পর রঙ করা লাগবেনা, রঙ স্থায়ী হবে৷ কি ভয়াবহ কথা! আলপনা ঘন ঘন আঁকা হতো বলেই না গ্রামবাসী এত দক্ষ হয়ে উঠেছে। স্থায়ী আলপনা বসে গেলে আর প্র্যাক্টিসের সুযোগ কই আর বৈচিত্র্যই আসবে কোত্থেকে?
When the whole world is switching to organic sources, Berger is offering their synthetic paints to the Alpona artists of Tikoil village. As a result, the artists will no longer need to paint every season, the color will last forever. What a horror! The skills of these artists developed because they had to frequently draw the Alpanas. If the wall paintings become permanent, how will they get the opportunity to practice and where will the different ideas come from?
On Twitter, Chowdhury Ripon criticised Berger for destroying the century-old tradition of creating Alpana drawings with natural colours:
Poor @BergerPaintsBD, can't even write common #চাঁপাই #শিল্পী #বাঙালি spellings rightly, now ridiculously replacing that villagers hundred years #culture of drawing #Alpona using organic colors.#শুভনববর্ষ #টিকোইল#Berger #OVC #Blunder #NuhashHumayun pic.twitter.com/3OtM6ZRg3T
— Chowdhury Ripan (@ripansays) April 8, 2019
Facebook user Farjana K. Tithi urged Berger Paints Bangladesh Limited to work on research and development to make natural colours sustainable.
Tikoil is not the only village in the region that is famous for its Alpana artwork. Artists also paint the neighbouring village of Gosaipur. Blogger, traveller and mountaineer Tareq Onu shared pictures of some photos of Gosipur in a Facebook album:
Berger has yet to reply to any of the criticism. They have, however, sponsored the painting of 300,000 square feet (27,871 square meters) Alpana on the streets of Manik Mia Avenue in Bangladesh's capital Dhaka on April 14, 2019, to celebrate the Bengali New Year.