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Correspondence between Arundhati Roy and Shahidul Alam shares resilience and hope

Categories: South Asia, Bangladesh, Citizen Media, Digital Activism, Elections, Freedom of Speech, Governance, Human Rights, Law, Politics, Protest

Shahidul Alam (left) and Arundhati Roy (right). Image from Flickr by Christopher Michel and UCL News. CC BY and CC BY-NC-ND.

On November 14, 2018, a day before the PEN International's Day of the Imprisoned Writer, Indian author Arundhati Roy [2] wrote a letter to the award-winning Bangladeshi photojournalist Shahidul Alam [3], following the completion of the 100th day of his incarceration. Shahidul Alam was subsequently released on bail [4] and had written back another letter to Roy [5] in response. Both of these were published as open-letters and have since been widely publicized, with numerous media outlets featuring them on the opinion sections of their news coverage.

Shahidul Alam [6], an eminent photographer, social activist, and teacher from Bangladesh had been picked up [7] by at least 20 officers from his home in Dhaka at about 10 AM on August 5, 2018, hours after his interview with Al Jazeera [8] had been broadcasted. The next day he was charged under Section 57 of Bangladesh's Information Communications Technology Act [9] for making ‘provocative’ comments against the country's government on the subject of the student protest [10] for road safety, which lasted from July 29 to August 9. His counsels submitted a bail petition on August 28 but he was denied [11]a few times and a long legal battle ensued while his supporters all over the world demanded his release.

Following Arundhati's letter, 34 prominent South Asians, including writers, historians and actors signed a letter [14] to Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina calling for the unconditional release of Shahidul Alam.

The arrest also sparked outrage among supporters who then organized numerous protests [15], solidarity rallies and online campaigns demanding the justice be served. The Shahbag Square in Dhaka swelled with people chanting slogans as a public gathering titled “Let democracy be free” was held on September 9, in protest of the imprisonment of Shahidul.


“Let Democracy be free”. An innovative protest in Shahbag Square in Dhaka, demanding the release of Shahidul Alam. Image by Pranabesh Das, used with permission.

Arundhati Roy mentioned in the letter [3] her deep concern for Shahidul, having feared the worst when news channels first broadcasted the details of his arrest. She also expressed her strong disapproval and anger towards the ICT laws of the country. Arundhati wrote:

Section 57 potentially criminalizes all forms of speech except blatant sycophancy. It is an attack not on intellectuals but on intelligence itself.

After spending months behind the bars, Shahidul was released [17] on November 20, 2018, five days after the High Court granted him permanent bail. Although the charges are still held against him, he cannot be imprisoned without a court order.

Shahidul wrote [5] in his letter to Arundhati that despite the tremendous efforts that were made to prevent his release, victory was still on his side. “…we held hands and sang songs as I left the jail gate,” inscribed Shahidul.

In his response, Shahidul Alam highlighted that what made the letter from Arundhati special was that, unlike other letters sent to the Prime Minister which called for his freedom, this had been addressed to him in particular.

He describes his encounter with different people, emotions caused by living away from the comfort of his home, his goldfish and his wife Rahnuma, and his experience of the jail routine. He also writes about the collective grief, legacies, and struggles that he and Roy both share.

As Arundhati had concluded her letter yearning to witness better days, Shahidul sent an assurance on his, with lots of hope:

But yes, Arundhati, the tide will turn, and the nameless, faceless people will rise. They will rise as they did in 1971. We will have secularism. We will have democracy. We will have social equality. We will win back this land.

Supporters worldwide shared and retweeted the letters, a token of Shahidul and Arundhati’s comradeship and mutual appreciation of each other’s work.

Amal Nassar [21], a permanent representative to the ICC of FIDH [22], tweeted:

Arabindu Deb Burma [25] from Tripura, India tweeted:

Bangladeshi American poet Thahitun Marium [28] said:

Australian activist Tasneem Chopra [30] tweeted:

As more and more Bangladeshi journalists are self-censoring themselves [33] out of fear of repression, Shahidul's words should encourage them to carry on:

The case against Shahidul still hangs over my head and the threat of bail being withdrawn is the threat they hope will silence my tongue, my pen, and my camera. But the ink in our pens still runs.