Fayzinisso Vohidova, a prominent Tajik lawyer who was renowned for her preparedness to defend political arrestees and constant criticism of Tajikistan's authoritarian system, passed away on January 4.
On Facebook, where open criticism of authorities in the Central Asian country is growing rarer and rarer, the outpouring of grief told its own story.
A mother of three, Vohidova was often referred to by her admirers as a “Gurdofarid”, referencing the fearless ancient Persian heroine from the Shahnameh epic Persian poem.
She lost a short battle to pneumonia only a week after celebrating her 55th birthday.
In recent years, Vohidova suffered regular harassment at the hands of Tajik authorities, verbal attacks from regime supporters and a curtailment of her professional activities.
Although she avoided arrest, Vohidova had her license to practise law suspended and could not leave the country at the time of her death.
Steve Swerdlow of the Human Rights Watch group wrote a moving and widely-shared thread on Twitter in honour of a woman he regarded as a friend and colleague.
Early this morning the world lost a wonderful person, #humanrights hero, a fearless lawyer, an opposition figure, a fighter for women's rights and for basic human dignity: #Tajik human rights lawyer Fayziniso Vohidova, who died in Khujand from complications due to pneumonia (.) pic.twitter.com/Bc6JRHzRhC
— Steve Swerdlow (@steveswerdlow) January 4, 2019
‘The mother of braveness’
Vohidova was born in a remote district in northern Tajikistan and studied law at the prestigious Moscow State University.
A member of the opposition Social Democratic Party of Tajikistan, she earned a name defending young people facing jail over extremism charges widely applied by the secular authorities.
When a BBC reporter, Urinboy Usmonov, was arrested on similar charges in 2011, it was only logical that Vohidova would take up the case. Usmonov was convicted but freed from jail as the international media spotlight burned down on the country.
Another BBC journalist, London-based Darius Raja bian wrote on Facebook that the online reaction to the rights defender's death was unprecedented:
Ҳаргиз Файзбуки Тоҷикистон ин ҳама сӯгвор набуд ва ин ҳама файз намеборид, ки ҳоло меборад. Рафтанаш ҳам дарсе буд…
Tajik Facebook has never been in mourning the way it is now. Even by leaving us she gave us a lesson.
Yet another reporter, Anora Sarkorova, described Vohidova as “the honour and conscience of the Tajik nation.”
“She was not silent when others buried their heads in the sand. She risked her life every day and knew the value of this risk,” added Sarkorova.
Vohidova’s own Facebook wall, filled with birthday congratulations just two weeks ago, is now overflowing with condolences.
Tajik social media users who have been silenced in recent years thanks to state targeting of online critics, broke this silence to express deep sorrow at Vohidova's passing and their own rightlessness.
In a country passionate about poetry, it is perhaps unsurprising that some users expressed their distress in verse.
Facebook user Abduqodir Rustam wrote:
Боли мурғи озоди адолат шикаст! Модари ҷасорат мурд! Дар ин чанд соли охир худро боре ҳам чунин танҳо эҳсос накарда будам, агарчи боре ҳам ӯро надида ва рӯ ба рӯ суҳбат накарда будем……. Алвидоъ Файзинисо!
A wing of the bird of freedom and justice broke! The mother of braveness died! I have never felt so lonely in recent years as now, though I have never met her (Fayzinisso) and talked to her. Rest in peace, Fayzinisso!
On December 9, in her last ever Facebook post, Vohidova wrote about two women that she particularly admired — German Chancellor Angela Merkel and the well-known Russian rights defender Lyudmila Alexeyeva, who had died the day before.
While she wrote that she liked Merkel for her simplicity and, poignantly, the German leader's recent decision to step away from power, Vohidova celebrated Alexeyeva as “a defender of the fallen, the suffering, the poor.”
“In any case, there is only one path (to God)! And this path should be the path of honour, of good will and actions, with human dignity, pure and modest. Let us pray to God to ask that people would cry after each one of us with tears of thankfulness!” Vohidova wrote.