The Dystopian Reality of Being an ‘Accidental American’

Photo by Pablo Guerrero on Unsplash.

The United States is one of only two countries in the world with citizenship-based taxation, a practice that has disrupted the lives of US citizens who choose to leave their country and live overseas. 

For one particular population, however, this system and its draconian measures of enforcement have proven even more devastating. Known as “Accidental Americans,” they are citizens of other countries who also hold US citizenship, either because they were born in the US or received it from a parent. They may not realize that they are considered US citizens until later in life, when they begin to suffer the consequences of US taxation.

Kevin P. is one of these Accidental Americans. After reading a recent piece on Global Voices about the “dystopian” injustices that the US taxation system metes out to emigrants, he was inspired to reimagine the story based on his own experience. An edited version is republished below. 

Imagine that you are a young member of the active population. You don’t possess much yet, but you are full of potential to make a good life for yourself and your loved ones.

One day, you need a bank account. But wherever you try to open one, you are sent back home with nothing. You are confused. They tell you it has to do with the place of birth listed on your ID.

You don’t understand what’s happening; you've never had any problem until now. You have lived all your life in Europe. Your parents are Belgians. You are Belgian. You speak French and don't know much about the US except for what you've learned from all the movies coming from over there.

At this point, your life is stuck, so you investigate. What you discover is the dystopian reality of how the US treats its citizens abroad: double taxation, bulk data collection, and a presumption of guilt. A bank is no longer just a bank, and a country no longer just a country. Both have also become reporting agents for the US tax office.

With negative emotions crossing your mind, you still don’t get it. After all, you are not really American. You haven’t lived, studied or worked in the US. You only know a few words of English and your French accent is just ridiculous.

That’s when you discover that in this dystopian world, you occupy a special place.

You are not an American overseas, like the other 9 million. You've never had any relationship or communication with the US authorities. You don’t have any US paper except your birth certificate.

Your parents happened to enjoy themselves while in the US, and so you were born there, but you returned to Belgium while still a baby. You grew up in Belgium, studied in Belgium, and became an active member of Belgian society.

Belgium is a sovereign country with borders that are supposed to mark a place on Earth where its citizens can expect to be protected from foreign governments. With that in mind, you contact your country’s authorities to get help. Full of hope, you imagine the upcoming conversations to be with smiling and compassionate compatriots who will do everything to help you.

How naive you were.

All of your conversations start with the other person stating that your problems couldn't possibly exist. Citizenship-based taxation is a concept that does not fit in the mind of a normal person outside of the US. And so, you have to do your best to convince them of the reality that you face.

After you manage to alter their perspective comes the first slap in your face: they tell you that the problem is not theirs to fix, and thus you are on your own. At this point, the situation turns from dystopian to Kafkaesque. Your mind pictures a lost soul with no nation.

Then comes the second blow, from an underpaid official, a minister or an ambassador, who tells you this simple truth: that because it’s the US, they won’t do anything.

Still dizzy from before, you remember yourself imagining the smiling and compassionate compatriot, but here you are. They are smiling at you, except it’s not out of compassion. It's because you are inconveniencing them, and their eyes tell you that the sooner you leave, the better their life will be.

And so you go back home.

Time passes. You discover you are not alone in this situation. You meet groups of people suffering to a lesser or greater extent from US citizenship-based taxation. Sharing your feelings with them, and seeing that there are people here and there working to improve the situation, makes you feel better. (Thanks for that, fellow sufferers.)

But you are changed forever. You have realised that your country does not protect its citizens. You look at its flag and you see a symbol of hypocrisy. You look at the US flag and you see a symbol of pain.

In this dystopian world, there is no place for you. Not in the US, not in your homeland. Your country is just a US dog, and you are worth less than a flea on its back.


  • Fred

    Nice to read your piece. Shocking indeed. So sad to see Belgium (where I live as a non-accidental dual EU-US citizen, also impacted by FATCA) and all other countries just bow to US law. Very smart of the US and stupid of EU countries not to have insisted this matter be put in the hands of the EU from the outset. Only the heft of the EU bureaucracy could have, and maybe will in the future, be able to tell the US that America can make laws in America, not elsewhere. But of course EU governments were salivating at the end of banking privacy, and were ready to throw citizens like you and me under the bus. Good luck.

  • Violeta

    So happy to see this turned into a story by itself! I read it as a comment on Lauren’s post and thought “that’d make a great post”! Thank you very much for sharing, dear Guest Contributor, I had no idea such situation could exist, nor would I have ever thought that being an American national, even if accidental, could be so troublesome!

  • David

    The United States provides a relatively simple solution for adults who live near a US embassy or consulate: Renounce your citizenship.

    It’s unfortunate that governments worldwide don’t help their own “accidental US citizens” take advantage of this by informing them of it and by helping those who do not live near a US consulate or embassy or who do not know English to complete the process.

    Look on the bright side though: If you do want to emigrate the the United States later in life, it will be very easy. The same goes if you want to visit a country with a Visa waiver program for US citizens but not for citizens of the country you consider “home.”

  • Dustin

    Unfortunately, it is not so easy anymore even to renounce citizenship. It is expensive, and US embassies and consulates are so swamped by “accidental Americans” that there is a waiting list to renounce, often of at least a few months, or even longer. See this article about a gentleman from Canada:

    I suppose, in the long run, when picking battles, it makes more sense than to keep paying unnecessary taxes and deal with all the other hassles that citizenship-based taxation imposes. It just drives home the point even further just how draconian FATCA is.

  • Kev

    @David While I disagree that it’s “relatively simple” on several points, I want to point out a single aspect of the process:

    In the best case scenario, “renouncing” will cost you 2350$. That’s the fee asked for the process. That’s not an amount that anyone can pay, especially as “accidental American”, you might live in a country where the wages are far lower than in the US.

    Where I live, minimum wages have been of 100$ in year 2000 and reached gradually 500$ in 2018. Now ask someone who has been earning an average of 300$ (monthly) during his whole life to take 2350$ out of his pocket.

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