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Women March in Indonesia for Equality and Justice Amid Legislative Attacks on Rights and Freedoms

Categories: Indonesia, Freedom of Speech, Human Rights, Protest, Women & Gender, Youth

Participants of the Women's March 2018 in Jakarta. Photo by Women's March [1], used with permission.

Over a thousand people joined [2] the Women’s March in more than a dozen Indonesian cities calling [3] for justice and protection of women’s rights. The simultaneous marches [4] took place on March 3, 2018, a few days before International Women’s Day on March 8.

The Women's March has eight demands [5] addressed to the national government:

  1. Abolition of discriminatory laws and policies that perpetuate gender violence
  2. Pass laws and policies that protect women, children, indigenous people, people with disabilities and gender minority groups from discrimination and sexual violence
  3. More accessible justice and rehabilitation for gender violence victims
  4. Stop the state and society's intrusion against a person's body and sexuality
  5. Abolition of stigma and discriminations against a person's gender, sexuality, and health status
  6. Abolition of the practice of violence in courts, schools, and workplaces
  7. Ending economic and financial depravation against women especially those working in factories, transwomen, sex workers and domestic workers.
  8. A more proactive society in abolishing unfair practices and culture of violence existing in various institutions

Among the issues raised in the rallies was the approved amendments [6] to the Indonesian criminal code (RKHUP) which would criminalize criticism of members of the House of Representatives (DPR). Participants also denounced the passage of legislative measures that outlaw adultery [7] as well as the sharing of information about contraception and sexual education.

Indonesia has a Muslim-majority population and boasts the promotion of a moderate view of Islam that celebrates a diversity of beliefs to build a harmonious society. However, in recent years, hardline clerics have been pushing for the strict interpretation of Islamic teachings and their application in many aspects of governance.

Indonesia’s Women’s March was first organized in 2017, conceptualized to mobilize people from all walks of life to defeat patriarchy's influence on all aspects of society. Participants cited the persistence of feudal concepts like the old Javanese thinking that women are only good for “macak, masak, manak” (looking attractive for her husband, cooking for her family, and bearing children).

Marchers called for unity and public support for women’s rights while using the hashtag #LawanBersama (#FightTogether) on social media:

I made this poster. #tolakRKUHP #tolakRKUHPngawur #womensmarchindo #womensmarch #womensmarchjkt #lawanbersama [14]

A post shared by Wulan Luna [15] (@deportistaverde) on

(When) the state is busy with (regulating) crotches, corruptors laugh. #againstRKUHP #notoincoherentRKUHP

Women's March pagi ini. . Selain bisa menyuarakan pesan, yg menyenangkan dari Womens March adalah ketemu sama temen2 yang jarang bisa kita temuin krn sibuknya mereka kayak orang2 ini. #womensmarch #womensmarchjakarta [16]

A post shared by Inayah Wahid [17] (@nay_wahid) on

Instagram caption reads: “At the Women's March this morning. Besides voicing my opinion, what was fun about it was to meet those we rarely met due to our active life. Like these folks.”

Poster in the image reads: “Patriarchy is also men's nightmare.”

Jakarta Women’s March 2018 See all the photo on my Flickr: bit.ly/womensmarchjkt2018 . . . . . #womensmarch#womensmarchjkt#womensmarchindonesia#womensmarch2018#lawanbersama#womensmarchsigns#jakarta#indonesia [18]

A post shared by 📷 [19] (@_devinamartina) on

In Indonesia, underage marriages [20] are still common despite the law forbidding parents to marry off their children under 18 years old. Indonesian child marriages are often underreported. In Kupang, the capital of East Nusa Tenggara province near Bali, a couple of teens voiced their concern and hope:

WOMEN'S MARCH KUPANG DARI KUPANG UNTUK INDONESIA YANG LEBIH MANUSIAWI #WOMENSMARCHKUPANG [21]

A post shared by Women's March Kupang [22] (@womensmarchkupang) on

Instagram caption reads: “Women's March Kupang for a more humane Indonesia.”

Posters in the image read: “Mama, my womb isn't ready to give birth” and “Mama, I still want to go to school.”

The Women's March on March 3 was just the first of several activities scheduled for the month in Indonesia.