This post by Raisa Wickrematunge originally appeared on Groundviews, an award-winning citizen journalism website in Sri Lanka. An edited version is published below as part of a content-sharing agreement with Global Voices.
There have been increased incidents of military intimidation in the last couple of weeks in the Tamil-populated northern parts of Sri Lanka such as Pilakudiyirippu (near Keppapulavu), Paravipaanchan in Kilinochchi, and Puthukkudiyiruppu, human rights activist Ruki Fernando said. All of these areas are former military-held lands released back to their one-time residents following sustained protests.
The Sri Lankan Air Force (SLAF) recently questioned Fernando during his visit to Pilakudiyirippu on March 9, he added.
AirForce questioned me yesterday in #Pilavukudirupu , #Kepapulavu. Revenge for having to end 8yr ocupation of village aft peoples protests? pic.twitter.com/AWDO6cjfTh
— Ruki Fernando (@rukitweets) March 10, 2017
“I was talking to a few of the residents when two people in civilian clothing came up to me. They asked me who I was and why I had come. When I in turn asked them who they were, they informed me that they were from the air force camp next to the village,” Fernando said. He added that he had refused to answer the questions and walked away. Air Force personnel decided not to pursue questioning.
The people of Pilakudiyirippu have been protesting from January 31 to March 1 this year demanding the return of their lands, held by the SLAF (see Global Voices report). Most of the land was released on March 1. However, the residents of Pilakudiyirippu are facing the daunting prospect of rebuilding their lives in a region that was a key theatre of conflict during the civil war that ended in 2009.
“They are living in tents or under trees. They need housing, water and electricity. Most of the residents are involved in casual work, and their children go to school, but there is no bus service,” Fernando said of the returning families plight.
He added that while the Red Cross in Mullaitivu had provided essentials such as pots, pans, mats, a bedsheet and a lamp to each family, there had been “absolutely no support” from the government. “The government needs to step in and provide for these families. It’s not enough to just release the land,” Fernando said.
Apart from the questioning, there have been other incidents of intimidation, as the military react angrily to the release of lands due to pressure, Fernando said.
Keppapulavu was in the news when residents protested day and night for the return of their land, in the face of military intimidation. A leading figure in the struggle for the release of both Keppapulavu and Pilakudiyirippu was Chandra Leela, whose house is still under army occupation. Recently, Chandra Leela was stopped from accessing her agricultural land, Fernando said.
“The Air Force is now saying that the land she uses for agricultural purposes is the property of the Forest Department. But she has legal documentation,” Fernando said. “This is clearly retaliation due to the partial success of the protests.” The Government released 40 acres of land, in response to the protests – other families are still waiting for their land and have recommenced protests until it is returned.
Courageous women of #Keppapulavu led the struggle for lands; Kowsalya-an outspoken lady was greeted by her fellow protesters/villagers today pic.twitter.com/DvvfvArW55
— Garikaalan (@garikaalan) March 1, 2017
The military also regularly photograph any visitors. “As soon as we get down from a vehicle, we see people come from inside the camp and photographing us. The people who are still protesting noticed this too,” Fernando said.
Pilavu day 17: protestors under surveillance https://t.co/5JsGcmUOFY #Tamil #lka pic.twitter.com/Rq1OKUptWm
— Tamil Guardian (@TamilGuardian) February 16, 2017
A solidarity protest in Jaffna demanding for the release of military occupied lands also saw the military intimidating some of the participants. “I attended this protest, along with people from Trincomalee and Mannar, and many others. Some intelligence operatives had gone to an IDP camp in Jaffna the day before the protest and intimidated people there, pressuring them not to join the protest. They had singled out a camp leader and accused him of instigating protests.”
CID present on roadside in front of protest #jaffna
— Tamil Guardian (@TamilGuardian) March 4, 2017
In Puthukkudiyiruppu, families returning to their land after one month of protests, ending on March 3, found their houses bulldozed, doors, windows and toilet and kitchen fittings removed, and beer bottles strewn around the area. A small shop had also been destroyed. “There was clearly anger from the side of the military that people were getting their land back. The release of military occupied land is part and parcel of reconciliation, and this is exactly the opposite of what should be happening,” Fernando said.
In Keppapulavu, a new signboard states the surrounding land is an ‘army cantonment area,’ he added. “There is a military blockade which had been there for around five or six years. But this signboard is new. I didn’t see it when I visited around two weeks before.”
Parallel to the protests on military-occupied land, families affected by enforced disappearances in Vavuniya, Kilinochchi and most recently Mullaitivu have also begun sustained protests.
“What is significant about the protests in Vavuniya and Kilinochchi is that they are actually trying to reach out for Sinhalese support. Protesters have put out banners and prepared letters and appeals in Sinhalese,” Fernando said of the ethnic group who dominate the country's politics. The protest in Mullaitivu is just two-days old, and is much smaller.
“However it is ongoing for 24 hours, with the families working in shifts. Some of the people have to work, others are leaving their children to come and protest. So they are trying to strike a balance between going to work but also sustaining their protests for 24 hours,” Fernando said.
“மகன் வருவார், மகள பத்தி தெரியாது” என்று சிஐடி சொன்னவங்க” https://t.co/FMnh3OfMDK #lka #srilanka #BeBoldForChange #IWD2017 #DisappearedSL pic.twitter.com/adXV9dGWne
— Selvaraja Rajasegar (@SRajasegar) March 8, 2017
“Your son will return. We don’t know about your daughter: CID”
Courtesy sister publication Maatram
“I have been told @ all temples that my son is alive;I just wanted to see him before I die”Vadivel Puhsparaani in Kilinochchi #DisappearedSL pic.twitter.com/jJ9tNB7aQJ
— Garikaalan (@garikaalan) March 10, 2017
In the case of these families too, there has been limited progress, apart from in Vavuniya, when State Minister of Defence Ruwan Wijewardene promised to set up a meeting with the Minister of Law and Order, the Attorney General’s Department, the IGP and the Minister of Justice.
The promise broke a four-day hunger strike that the families had launched, demanding answers. “Following that meeting, the only thing that occurred was that certain members of the government accused the families of trying to prioritise their individual cases. The families said that in fact it was the government who had offered to expedite their cases, which they had rejected as they wanted truth and justice for all the families,” Fernando said.
The families of Vavuniya waited two weeks to see if anything would culminate from the meeting on February 9, and recently began protesting again due to lack of action.
Against this background, a Sri Lankan delegation to the United Nations asked for more time to implement UN resolution 30/1 of 2015, even as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein spoke of Sri Lanka’s ‘slow progress’ in areas such as accountability and reconciliation. The UN Human Rights Council also asked for the return of all military occupied land to civilians, as well as the end of military involvement in civilian and administrative activities.
However, as is clear on the ground, incidents of intimidation continue to occur, and returnee families such as those in Pilakudiyirippu have to rebuild their lives with no support from the State.
The following photo story by Ruki Fernando and Marisa de Silva, documents civilian protests in Keppapulavu and the struggle of the newly resettled.