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Hong Kong's Worker News Wins Award for Series Debunking Myths About Refugees

World Refugee Day 2016. Photo from Worker News.

A series of news features by Worker News debunking the idea that asylum seekers arriving in Hong Kong are “fake refugees” won the Best Journalism Award in the 2016 E-Citizen Awards organized by civic groups inmediahk.net and the Culture and Media Education Foundation to promote original reporting, political cartoons, video documentary and photography online.

Below is an interview with Worker News’ volunteer reporters conducted by Betty Lau and published on inmediahk.net on December 16, 2016. The English version is published on Global Voices as a part of partnership agreement.

Inspired by a Facebook page that recorded the 40-day strike by Hong Kong dock workers in 2013, a number of supporters of the strike decided to start a news site that gives a platform to ordinary people. Worker News, as it was called, was then launched in August 2013.

The news site is maintained by half a dozen volunteers. Most of them have full-time jobs, and they decided in July 2015 to donate one-tenth of their income to hire part-time staff for the site’s editorial work.

In addition to reporting on local labour conditions, they also translate news related to workers’ rights from other parts of the world.

The work that won them an E-Citizen Award is a series of five stories taking to task the idea, pushed by local politicians and media outlets, that asylum seekers arriving in Hong Kong are “fake refugees.”

The first story is about the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. Hong Kong Chief Executive CY Leung threatened to quit the convention to stop “fake refugees” from entering Hong Kong last year. In response, Worker News reporters interviewed human rights organizations to point out that doing so would mean that Hong Kong's government would not be obliged to set up an independent committee to investigate police abuse of power.

The second story explains the decade long court dispute on Hong Kong government's failure in setting up a fair torture claimant system for screening asylum seekers. The legal dispute has resulted in the suspension of screening torture claimant application in December 2009. As a result, 6699 asylum seekers were stuck in Hong Kong awaiting for a new screening mechanism. Only by February 2014, the Hong Kong government launched an unified screening mechanism to process torture claimant. The accumulative number of torture claims had reached 11364.

The third article debunks three false claims spread by local mainstream media and politicians about refugees — first, that they are fake; second, that they come to Hong Kong to enjoy a free meal; and third, that they are criminals.

The fourth article collects the numerous false claims, stereotypes and discriminatory remarks about asylum seekers and refugees by local mainstream media and pro-Beijing politicians.

The last piece is a story about a woman asylum seeker coming from Jos, a city in Nigeria. As a Christian, she said she had became a likely target of attack by Muslim militants in the region. Her plan was to travel to Canada for asylum, but she was held up in Hong Kong by immigration authorities. She has been stuck in Hong Kong now for six years with her three kids.

Tam Kong explained why they decided to follow the story:

近年在香港,只要是外來人口就有原罪。一講他是難民,背後就有一大堆假設:他是來免費食我們的糧食、搞亂香港、污糟、沒有文化……全部都在未經證實的情況下散播… 當政黨和媒體挪用這些虛假印象去獲取利益,惟工的責任就是還原事實。

In recent years, Hong Kong society has developed very strong prejudice against people coming from other countries. If the person is a refugee, people assume that they are dirty and uncultured, they are here to enjoy free food, bring trouble… all these groundless prejudices keep spreading around. When the political parties and media use such false narratives to score political points, it is our responsibility to present a more genuine picture to the public.

Two members of the Worker News editorial team devoted themselves to reviewing Hong Kong's refugee system and history, and they used infographics to help readers understand the issue better:

香港的歷史,就是難民進進出出的歷史。香港人口有一大部份是內地移民,同時也有很多香港人,由於害怕政治不穩而移居別國…在某些情況下,那些人要以政府不容許的方法來到香港,而有些人用政府容許的方法離開香港,去到其他地方,但其實背後的邏輯很相似,就是要逃避不穩定,到一個比較安穩的地方,繼續生活。

Refugees have been coming in and out of Hong Kong throughout history. A big portion of Hong Kong’s population is from mainland China. Many Hong Kongers have been forced to migrate to other countries to escape from political instability [three waves of massive emigration took place after Deng Xiao Ping's announcement of China’s plan to reunify with Hong Kong in 1981, the Tiananmen crackdown in 1989 and before the handover of Hong Kong to China in 1997]… the motivations of people who escape to Hong Kong through illegal channel sand Hong Kongers emigrating to other countries through proper channels are similar. They just want to carry on living in a stable environment.

Sustainability is a challenge when it comes to a news site. Ah Fei, another member from the editorial team, said:

搞網媒其實不是門檻低的事。現在新的網媒興起,基本上是紙媒那種資本競爭的延伸。你沒錢賣廣告,沒有資源涵蓋更多議題,就會令收視跌。

Running an online media is not as easy as people imagine. The rules of the game are similar to conventional media. If you don’t have the resources to promote the platform and produce enough stories, the outlets will end up with very few visits.

What drives Worker News contributors to carry on with their work is not the number of page views, but the mission to build a grassroots community where workers can learn about and be inspired by one another. To do so, they have been building up a distribution network among labour union organizers and NGOs to channel their news stories to workers and other ordinary people.

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  • Ben Ho

    We are too small a city to handle millions of refugees or potential asylum seekers. Half of the world’s population live around us. Geographically we are unlike Europe or Canada or USA, who are protected well by oceans from any potential influx. Also they enjoy a population density hundreds of time lower than that of Hong Kong.

    When London or New York agrees that all refugees going to UK/USA will stay in their own city, then probably Hong Kong should be obliged to consider the same.

    Otherwise, Hong Kong should expel all refugees or anyone claiming to be one.

  • Ben Ho

    Singapore is our role model in this regard.

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