It's Fantastic Friday in Trinidad and Tobago — the glorious day that ushers in the Carnival weekend — and the excitement is palpable. Of course, aficionados of the festival have been in non-stop Carnival mode since the beginning of the week, when Machel Monday — arguably the biggest concert of the annual Carnival calendar — rocked the chock-full national stadium with heavy-duty, star-studded soca and dancehall sets. (The event also rocked much of the internet with seemingly unsanctioned live streams.)
The music for Carnival 2017 is rich and eclectic — and it has grabbed much of the attention as partygoers dance, gyrate and “jump up” to its hypnotising beats. But if soca is the heartbeat of Trinidad and Tobago Carnival, the “mas” (short for “masquerade”) is the heart itself — as pure as it is wicked, and full of energy.
Carnival photographer Maria Nunes has been photographing the festival for years now. She has a special love for traditional mas characters and in an effort to preserve this aspect of Carnival's history, captures them on camera in a reverent, passionate way. On her Facebook page, she explained:
Without Carnival I would be at a complete loss. Carnival is where I get my energy, my enthusiasm, my inspiration to make it through the rest of the year. These few days make my soul sing and dance. I am immensely thankful for [the] people […] who dream up wonderful creations and bring them to life so beautifully. It only takes a little light to dispel darkness.
Nunes’ discerning eye offers an intimate look at this year's portrayals. It's like being there…almost!
Stickfighting is a centuries-old tradition (dating back to slavery) where men would duel with “bois” (sticks) in “gayelles” (rings), accompanied by chanting or singing (usually in Patois) to the beat of African drums.
Large crowds would gather to witness the fierce fights, which would, at times, result in the maiming — or even death — of one of the opponents. The winner would enjoy the status that came with his triumph, which carried a lot of social currency.
The practice was banned by the colonial authorities in 1880 in response to the Canboulay riots, but was re-introduced (with strict rules) in 1937. Each year, the Canboulay riots are re-enacted and remembered as a sign of resistance, celebrating the rebellious spirit that forms the foundation of the festival.
The cast of characters that forms the traditional mas of Trinidad and Tobago Carnival is wide and varied — burrokeets (costumes that depict riders on donkeys), fancy sailors and Indians, pretty (and scary) devils, and the list goes on. Nunes caught some of the this year's very best, which included a mother and son portrayal of some intimidating folklore characters: a lagahoo (a mythical creature similar to a werewolf, but which has shapeshifting powers) and a douen (believed to be the lost souls of unbaptised children whose feet face backwards).
Bat costumes — typically comprising a body suit, an ornate headpiece and spectacular wings — are also popular. The headpiece is often made out of papier mâché and the wings crafted using the Carnival art of wire bending, but the best part of any bat mas is the dance that goes along with it: the masquerader twirls, lunges, and flaps his wings in a series of mesmerising movements that mimic how bats fly.
Moko jumbies, those sky-high, otherworldly stilt dancers that are rooted in West African tradition, help make Trinidad and Tobago Carnival magical. Oral tradition has it that the height of the stilts gives the jumbies the ability to discern evil more quickly than lesser (or at least shorter) mortals, so the character is viewed as a symbol of protection. The stilt walkers play their mas on stilts that are 10 to 15 feet high; these are covered by long, full skirts or flowing pants, to give the illusion of giants — it is an incredible performance to watch.
No traditional mas would be complete without a devil portrayal. The “pretty devil” costume draws from the foundation of a mediaeval jester's costume, but it has evolved in different ways. Still, there are usually bits of colourful fabric, bells, whistles — and of course, horns, which may be crafted from a wire base and disguised with cloth. The Jab Molassie hybrid of devil mas sports a wire tail, horns and a trident; the masquerader adorns himself with chains, locks and other accoutrements, and smears his entire body with paint, grease, mud or clay. The Jab often “wines” (suggestively gyrates) to a compelling, rhythmic beat played on tin pans by imps, some of whom also hold the devil's chain, attempting to control him as he cavorts wildly in character.
Yes, the doors to Trinidad and Tobago Carnival 2017 are beginning to open on this Fantastic Friday — or as Maria Nunes puts it, “Carnival is upon us. Give thanks for those who shine their light into the darkness.”