Images of homeless people in Iran taking refuge in empty graves outside of Tehran have shocked Persian social-media users, leading to outrage and calls for the government to intervene.
The public uproar intensified after the newspaper Shahrvand, a publication believed to be close to the reformist government of Hassan Rouhani, ran a feature called “Life in the Grave.”
Since the story broke, Iranians have been discussing it heatedly online. One anonymous Twitter user called “Maktoub” quoted an ironic line by the founder of the Islamic Republic, Ayatollah Khomeini, saying, “I prefer the ‘slum dwellers’ to the ‘palace dwellers.'” The irony of this statement was shown in the juxtoposition of an image of a homeless man living in a grave, with the image of the palace-like shrine, built with government money, that houses his tomb.
” یک موی کوخ نشینان ” را به ” همه کاخ نشینان ” ترجیح میدهم (امام خمینی) pic.twitter.com/CbgNpBuoPY
— maktoub (@Pensylvani) December 27, 2016
I prefer the ‘slum dwellers’ to the ‘palace dwellers’ (Imam Khomeini)
An Instagram post by Iranian artist and cartoonist Bozorgmehr Hosseinpour (seen below) has garnered significant attention on Persian social media, as well. In addition to some controversial remarks about sterilizing the homeless to prevent them from bearing children, Hosseinpour expressed his frustration that no one paid attention to Iran's ongoing homeless problem, until the viral grave images were published.
فرمان ايست! به جاي احساسات خرج كردن هايي كه راه را به ناكجا مي كشاند، به جاي حرف هاي سطحي و بدون دانش… بايد فكري بكر كرد. بايد در اين روزگار تلخ، سنگيني تحمل ناپذير هستي را از كول و دوش بچه هايي كه سرگردان، ضعيف… مريض و با كوله باري از بيمارى و درد وارد اين جهان مي شوند برداشت. بايد با توضيح ماجرا و محبت و آگاه سازي از سرنوشت بچه هايشان، عقيم سازي اين كارتن خواب ها و آشفتگان بي جا و مكان از توليد كارتن خواب هاي آينده جلو گيري كرد. بايد به اين انسان هايي كه اينسان ، بدبخت… بي چاره و سرگردان در حال توليد مثل هستند… فرمان ايست داد. *طبيعتا اين به اين معناي اين نيست كه نبايد به اين افراد بي چاره كمك كرد. اين دردمندان سال هاست كه در زير پل ها، جوب ها و پارك ها سرگردانند. و اين روزها فقط به خاطر تصوير قبر خوابي شان مورد توجه خبري قرار گرفته اند. و اگر همچنان در جوب و زير پل ها خوابيده بودند هنوز كسي ازشان خبري نمي گرفت. خدا را شكر كه اينچنين شد و به اين واسطه ديده شدند تا شايد اتفاقي براي خودشان و نسل بعديشان بيافتد *كساني كه عربده كشان كمك به كارتن خواب ها هستند تا الان كجا بودند؟اين بيچارگان اگر در قبر نخوابيده بودند هنوز ناديده بودند! الان هم فكر كرديد چه مي شود؟ از قبرستان بيرونشان مي كنند. كارشناسان فحاشي به راه شما نخواهم رفت #كارتن_خواب_ها
A photo posted by Bozorgmehr?? (@bozorgmehrhosseinpour) on
Stop! Instead of wasting your time on senseless feelings which gets you nowhere, and instead of shallow and unwise words…let's think of some good solutions. During these bitter days, we have to take off some of the weight from the homeless children who are lost and weak…those who are sick and enter the world with sickness and misfortune. We have to explain the matter with empathy and kindness and educate them on the future of their own children. These inhabitants of boxes (karton khab-ha) should be stopped from having children so we can prevent future populations of these displaced people of boxes. We have to order them to stop reproducing more homeless children who will grow up in the same state of poverty as their parents. Naturally this does not mean that we should not help these people in these unfortunate states. This has been a issue for years that sees these folks living under bridges, in sewers and parks, but these days they are only gaining attention because of the images of them sleeping in graves. If they had similarly been sleeping in the sewer or under the bridge no one would have any news of these people. Thank god that this was the turn of events that people are now aware of this population and might be able to do something to their lives and that of their children. Those that are now screaming for their lives, where have you been until now? If these poor people were not sleeping in graves you wouldn't probably know about them. And now what do you think will happen? They will throw them out of the graveyards… #sleepers_of_boxes
Oscar winning Iranian filmmaker Asghar Farhadi was another notable voice to cry out in outrage at the notion that Iranians had to take refuge in graves to survive the winter. In an open letter penned to President Hassan Rouhani, he exclaimed he was ashamed of his country.
— امیر کلهر (@AmirrKalhor) December 27, 2016
#AsgharFarhadi's letter to #HassanRouhani
The President was quick to respond, agreeing with Farhadi that these conditions are unacceptable.
— Fardad Farahzad (@BBCFardad) December 28, 2016
Rouhani in response to the letter of Farhadi: Sleeping in graves is not acceptable #Iran #graveyards #Rouhani
Other members of the government, such as the governor of the Province of Tehran (the viral images were taken in the surrounding areas of the city of Tehran), say homelessness is part of a wider problem with drug addiction.
There has been some concern that the public's sudden attention to the grave sites will expose these individuals to government abuse, as officials try to remove them in order to resolve the “graveyard” problem superficially.
As reported by BBC Persian, Hashemi claims that many of the individuals found living in homeless conditions refuse to go to rehabilitation facilities for their addictions. The governor also insisted that no homeless persons are being abused by the government.
بسیاری از این افراد از رفتن به کمپها خودداری میکنند. برهمین اساس ممکن است هنگام جمعآوری مقاومتی از سوی آنها صورت بگیرد اما در مورد گورستان نصیرآباد به هیچ عنوان در جمعآوری آنها بحث کتک زدن تایید نمیشود.
A number of these individuals refuse to go to camps. This is why it is possible that while they were being detained there was some resistance between them and authorities. But in the case of Nasir Abad cemetery there are no confirmed accounts that they were physically hurt while they were being collected.