Belgrade's Communal Police obstructed journalists working for the fact-checking website Istinomer (Truth-O-Meter) in September 2015 and reporters from the Crime and Corruption Reporting Network (KRIK) in October 2015. Ninety days later, the Ombudsman intervened, requesting the replacement of the chief of the controversial law enforcement unit. Two months after that, the city government accepted the content of the recommendation, admitting guilt for breaking the regulations through the illegal use of force, but the police chief suffered no consequences.
On February 24, the Ombudsman announced that he'd received a report claiming that the Communal Police had implemented his 32 recommendations in the case of Istinomer. The Ombudsman emphasized, however, that he still expects police to comply with his recommendations regarding the KRIK case (specifically calling for the dismissal of the chief of the Communal Police).
The city's law enforcement has issued a statement saying, “In the future, [we] will act according to the law only.” Belgrade's mayor said publicly on February 26 that he and the Communal Police both apologize for the incidents last year with journalists, arguing that reforming certain police procedures would be a sufficient response.
In response, the team at Istinomer stated that reject the mayor's position, which they say makes abusing state authority inconsequential:
Ovom izjavom Gradonačelnik Mali praktično ukida ODGOVORNOST državnih rukovodilaca, za loše obavljanje posla, u konkretnom slučaju – kako za činjenje, tako i za nečinjenje.
Rukovodilac Komunalne policije, koji toliko uporno brani postupke svojih ljudi, koji su se evo sada redom pokazali pogrešnim – naprosto MORA da zna pravila te službe i mora da ih primeni. Ponašanje Nikole Ristića tokom i posle incidenata koji su se dogodili, pokazuje da on, ili ne zna pravila službe kojoj je rukovodilac, ili ih zna, što je još gore, a u dužem vremenskom periodu ih namerno prikriva. A onda, šta će građanima, službi i gradskoj upravi takav rukovodilac?
I to je pravi razlog za ostavku Nikole Ristića – nije on radio pa pogrešio, pa da mu se progleda kroz prste. Nije tako, baš kao što nam pokazuje događaj sa novinarima KRIK-a, kojima je protivzakonito oduzeta oprema tokom vršenja radnog zadatka i brisani podaci sa memorijskih kartica, čemu je Nikola Ristić i lično prisustvovao, bez reči protivljenja, bez opomene, bez pokušaja da spreči svoje ljude u nepravnom postupanju.
To ukazuje da se radi o jednom te istom – načelnika Komunalne policije ne zanima da li njegovi ljudi postupaju u skladu sa propisima, da li se ponašaju nasilno ili ne, da li narušavaju dostojanstvo novinara, kao građana i kao profesije. On brine o tome da ih zaštiti.
I to je pravi razlog zbog koga on mora da bude smenjen.
On se drži principa koji je nespojiv sa bilo kojom državnom funkcijom – on brani svoje ljude, po svaku cenu, a ne pravdu, pravo ili građane.
With this statement, Mayor Mali practically abolishes the RESPONSIBILITY of state officials who do their job badly—in this particular case, both through action and inaction.
The Communal Police chief, who persistently defended the proven misconduct of his subordinates, simply MUST know the regulations of the office and must apply them. The behavior of Nikole Ristić during and after the incidents shows that he either doesn't know the regulations affecting the unit he manages, or if he is aware of the regulations, and provides cover to those who break them, which is even worse. What use do the citizens and the city government have for such an official?
And this is the real reason for Ristić's resignation. He did not commit an unintentional mishap, which could lead to clemency. His personal involvement in the incident with the journalists of KRIK, involving illegal confiscation of equipment and erasing of footage, indicates intent. During the incident chief Ristić did admonish or prevent his men who were breaking the law.
This proves that the Communal Police chief does not care if his officers follow the rules, of they use violence, or if they violate the dignity of journalists, both as citizens and professionals. He only cares about protecting his men.
And this is the real reason why should he be replaced—for applying a principle that is in direct conflict with any state post: defending his men at any cost, against justice, the law, or the citizens.
Mali: Načelnik KomPol neće biti smenjen https://t.co/jvswZtb0Ui
Na snimcima je načelnik kao neposred.akter događaja pic.twitter.com/UKtnYFv0ET
— KRIK (@KRIKrs) February 26, 2016
Mali: Chief of Communal Police will not be fired.
Videos show the chief's direct involvement in the events [involving physical assault on journalists].
As KRIK points out, Police Chief Nikola Ristić and his deputy Darko Vujsić personally obstructed the work of KRIK journalists who were attempting to question the mayor about the “24 apartments” scandal. The Belgrade city government has a deadline by the beginning of April to implement the Ombudsman's recommendation and report to this institution.
The Communal Police is a special kind of municipal police in Serbia, answering directly to the local government, outside the chain of command of the Interior Ministry. According to the law, its powers are more limited than those of the regular police. During 2015, Belgrade's Communal Police used force against the citizens 48 times, almost once per week.
Twitter users have expressed fears that expanding the powers of the Communal Police has turned it into a kind of parapolice force. As in the case of Mayor Mali, incidents where the Communal Police oversteps its bounds, some Internet users say, often trigger support from officials close to Serbia's prime minister, Aleksandar Vučić.
Јел комунална полиција полаже заклетву лично Вучићу?
— Crveni Baron (@CrveniBaron1) February 10, 2016
Does the Communal Police swear allegiance personally to Vučić?