The arrest of social activist and indigenous leader Milagro Sala on January 16 has been the cause of both international outcry and domestic protest in Argentina over the past few weeks. Thousands of people took to Plaza de Mayo in the capital city of Buenos Aires, protesting an arrest they believe violates civil liberties (including the right to assembly).
Sala, who leads the Tupac Amaru Association and serves as a Parlasur lawmaker, was organizing protests in the province of San Salvador de Jujuy when she was arrested. She and many other social organizations set up camp in Belgrano Plaza in mid-December, opposite to the principal government building in Jujuy, protesting against reforms made by newly elected Governor Gerardo Morales to the distribution and control of social benefits. Before these reforms, Sala and her association were chiefly responsible for administering these resources.
Officially, Sala was arrested on two charges: “inciting criminal behavior” among the people in the camp at Plaza Belgrano, and spreading “disorder” by lobbying cooperatives to oppose the governor's reforms by resisting the state's new requirements.
— Amnistía Argentina (@amnistiaar) January 19, 2016
Urgent Action demands the immediate release of Milagro Sala
Milagro Sala es una luchadora q aporta organización y reivindicación social y política.
Esas le dan miedo a la derecha#LiberenAMilagroSala
— La Carancha (@LaCarancha) January 16, 2016
Milagro Sala is a fighter who brings organization and social and political revindication. The kind that the right fears. #FreeMilagroSala
Mariela Belski, the executive director of Amnesty International Argentina, says it presents a clear “attempt to criminalize practices related to the exercise of the right to protest and freedom of expression.” Both the CELS and Amnesty International Argentina also say that her arrest warrant is vague and does not clearly define the charges against her.
CELS, together with ANDHES (the Northwestern Argentine Lawyers for Human Rights and Social Studies), has already filed an application with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH) on Sala's behalf.
Shortly after her arrest, supporters took to Twitter with #LiberenAMilagroSala (#Free Milagro Sala).
Users were quick to describe her as the first political prisoner in Argentina since President Mauricio Macri took power in December.
— Fado (@fumandoangeles) January 19, 2016
Milagro Sala is the first political prisoner of Macri in Argentina.
Some users suggested that her arrest was the result of discrimination because she is a woman and because of her indigenous origins.
#LiberenAMilagro Su peor pecado es dotar de conciencia colectiva a un sector segregado por el racismo en un pseudo sistema de castas.
— Pablo Martin Rossi (@PabloRArg) January 19, 2016
Her worst sin is bringing collective conscience to a group segregated by racism in a pseudo caste system.
— Ayma (@aymaramiro) January 19, 2016
What they can't stand about Milagro Sala is that she is indigenous, a woman, and she has organized the poor.
Many in the international community have also denounced Sala’s arrest. Members of Parlasur at the Summit of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and the European Parliament both condemned the arrest.
Officially, newly elected President Mauricio Macri had little to do with her arrest, though he has endorsed the policing measure and met with Governor Morales at the Casa Rosada.
Nonetheless, Twitter users have criticized Macri for hypocrisy, given his objections to the arrest of Venezuelan opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez at the Mercosur conference just a few weeks earlier. The comparison when posed by an Argentine journalist caused Macri to storm out of a press conference in Davos.
— Carolita (-_-)╭∩╮ (@yo_guionbajo) January 19, 2016
You ask to free political prisoners while you keep Milagro Sala in custody.
In his first two months in office, President Macri has faced several difficult trials already, and his critics say he takes an “authoritarian approach” to civil liberties. Police officers in La Plata met demonstrators with rubber bullets after they began protesting job cuts in the region. Protesters assembled twice at Plaza de Mayo before Sala's arrest, demanding changes to media laws and the reinstatement of a prominent dissident who was fired from his radio show. His co-host recently started a YouTube show, where she also calls for Sala's release.
Loved or hated?
Milagro Sala is a longtime ally of former President Cristina Kirchner. Tensions between Sala and Governor Morales (President Macri's political ally) have been rising since he took office two months ago. Morales says he's bringing an end to a monopoly of power in the province (which was led by Sala and her association until now). According to his campaign platform, he seeks to bring “transparency” the the system, which he argues Sala used to collect money and power. Morales says Sala’s main goal is to the change in power dynamic, achieving some kind of co-government in the province. The governor even says Sala was a mafia-style leader in Jujuy, allegedly getting involved in the trafficking of both drugs and people.
One Twitter user claims that the majority of people from Jujuy support Morales.
— Sonia legado (@SLegado) January 26, 2016
Jujuy is no Milagro. Jujuy's people don't support corruption. Milagro Sala is not a political prisoner. She was detained for many causes. Respect the rule of law.
Another called out Amnesty International for defending Sala, saying the organization has failed to offer a full picture of her leadership in Jujuy:
#AmnestyInternational M. Sala es conocida por violencia, clientelismo, corrupción. Llamarla perseguida ofende a quienes en realidad lo son.
— Daniel Bianchi (@danibian) January 21, 2016
M Sala is known for violence, patronage and graft, corruption. To call her a persecuted politician is to offend those who really are.
Sharing a photograph of a burned out city building, one Facebook user pointed out that Sala's protests weren't always peaceful:
Asi quedó la casa de gobierno de jujuy luego que Milagro Sala protestara. Esto es obra de quien se dice una pacifista? Esto no es un delito? Se puede protestar sin incendiar, atropellar,etc?
This is how the Governor's Office in Jujuy looked after Milagro Sala protested. This is the act of someone who says she is a pacifist? Is it a felony? Can you protests without starting a fire or running someone over?
Milagro Sala es la síntesis perfecta de la militancia como la entiende el kirchnerismo: cobraba simultáneamente tres sueldos del Estado.
— Facundo Landívar (@flandivar) January 26, 2016
Milagro Sala is the perfect synthesis of how kirchnerism [after the former Kirchner government] understands political militance: she earned three salaries from government
— Opy (@OpyMorales) January 27, 2016
This is the new model of smart.
Por la liberación de Milagro Sala propongo que vayamos todos en caravana tocando la bocina de nuestros Smarts. Ah, no, pará…
— Matias Reggiardo (@MatiasReggiardo) January 26, 2016
To demand Milagro Sala's liberation, I propose that we all go in a rally honking with our smart [cars]
Political commentator and left wing activist Fabian Harari agrees that there are many questions that Milagro Sala must answer. He highlights that her arrest however is related to her protest and this is what sets a dangerous precedent.
Milagro Sala tiene que responder por muchas cuestiones. No por organizar un acampe, ni por cortar rutas. Eso no es un crimen, es el derecho más importante. Milagro Sala debería responder por conductas realmente criminales, pero contra la clase obrera y que exceden con mucho la imputación que le hizo el gobernador Gerardo Morales.
Milagro Sala has to answer many questions. But not for organizing a camp, or blocking roads. That's not a crime—it is a most important right. Milagro Sala really should respond [to charges of] criminal behavior, but [regarding crimes] against the working class—crimes that that far exceed the accusations made by Governor Gerardo Morales.
Harari argues that Governor Morales’ real grievances lie elsewhere.
El Estado contrató y seguirá contratando en negro, sin cargas sociales, sin jubilación y sin derecho a la sindicalización, como lo hace Milagro Sala.
Además, la política burguesa en Argentina siempre usó a los negocios sucios como fuente de financiamiento y a las patotas como elemento de coacción. No va a dejar de hacerlo. Es decir, los manejos de Milagro Sala son los de la política argentina. Su responsabilidad es la de toda una clase social. Gerardo Morales y Cambiemos no están en contra de todo esto. Simplemente quieren ser ellos los beneficiarios.
The state hired and will continue to recruit in black, without social security, with pensions, and without any right to organize, as Milagro Sala does.
Moreover, bourgeois politics in Argentina always used corrupt businesses as a source of funding and street gangs as an element of coercion. It will not stop. That is, Milagro Sala's wrongdoing is the stuff of Argentina's politics. Herr responsibility is to an entire class. Gerardo Morales and Cambiemos are not against this. They simply want to be the beneficiaries.
The different narratives over Milagro Sala and her arrest show the continued political divides in Argentina between supporters of the former Kirchner government and the current regime. The Argentine TV show “Intratables” is shown every night from Monday–Friday, when political analysts, journalists, and politicians are invited to discuss the most important issues of the day. The following video clip is from one episode that demonstrates the show's heated nature.