This past Sunday, November 29, concerned citizens of Trinidad and Tobago gathered, for the second time, under the banner of the non-profit organisation IAMovement to lobby and march for climate-change awareness. The theme of this year's event was “Port of Spain to Paris”—an acknowledgement of the fact that the French capital is the location of the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, but also a gesture of solidarity in the aftermath of the Paris attacks of November 13. During the opening ceremony of the event, there was one minute of silence for the victims of the Paris attacks, and for the audience “to think about the world and how we are all connected.” The hashtag #POStoParis gained significant popularity on Twitter.
These climate change negotiations in Paris are perhaps the most critical since the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference in 2009, but a lot has changed since then—both the United States and China, two of the world's largest emitters of greenhouse gases, appear willing to do what is necessary to reach a deal, although US President Barack Obama says that any agreements reached in Paris should not be legally binding—a position contrary to the intent of the conference. Climate finance, whereby richer countries help poorer ones cut emissions and deal with the effects of climate change, is becoming more commonplace, as are rallies—just like the one in Trinidad—supporting the movement away from fossil fuels.
Still, there are stumbling blocks. Waiting ten years, by which time the US says it will have reduced its emissions by 26-28 percent, or even 15 years, when China expects its emission levels to peak, seems like a long time, given scientific findings about the rate of climate change.
Despite such intransigence, the IAMovement rally managed to attract participation from many government organisations that are taking innovative steps to reduce the effects of climate change in Trinidad and Tobago. There was also a strong youth presence via the Caribbean Youth Environment Network (CYEN); the organisation's interim Chairperson, Rianna Gonsalves, was proud of the fact that CYEN sent several representatives to the Paris talks, where their goal is to agitate for “1.5° to stay alive”—meaning that human survival in the face of climate change will require a drop in temperature of at least one and a half degrees Celsius. The Paris talks have set a goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to limit the global temperature increase to 2°C above pre-industrial levels.
At the event, there were booths from Solid Waste Management Company Limited (SWMCOL), a state company mandated to provide both the government and the private sector with consultancy services in proper waste management; the Ministry of Planning and Development‘s Green Fund Executing Unit, as well as private eco-minded companies like Green Warriors, which offers services like battery recycling free to the public.
SWMCOL's Public Education Administrator, Gisele Telfer, noted that the company was very active in environmental education and raising awareness about climate change via its Community and Youth Outreach Programme. Through a series of animated videos, the company goes to schools throughout the country to teach kids about the environmental effects of littering and ways in which to keep recyclables out of the waste stream. SWMCOL also offers a heavy-duty shredding service and a mobile tire shredder, as used and scrap tires contribute significantly to poor environmental care in Trinidad and Tobago. The country's primary mode of transportation is vehicular, with public transportation options (at least on land) being limited to buses and taxis.
At the opening of the event, IAMovement's co-founder Jonathan Barcant acknowledged the importance of waste management efforts to Trinidad and Tobago, noting that greater availability of such services “would greatly reduce the volume of material entering landfills which are already at capacity, would capture waste with economic value that would otherwise be lost, and would create many green jobs for both the day-to-day operations as well as design and management of these nationwide programmes”:
Additionally, it would improve overall cleanliness in our land, rivers and oceans, and would help to raise the dignity and sense of care and appreciation for residents of heavily polluted areas such as the Beetham, creating incalculable social and health benefits.
Nakita Poon Kong, the NGO's other co-founder, was hopeful that the Paris talks would achieve what Copenhagen did not:
By gathering here today, we are saying as a collective that we care. We are telling the people who make the decisions on how Trinidad and Tobago votes at next week’s Summit, that we need a change. We are also recognising our personal responsibility as Trinbagonians to reduce emissions because of their effect on our climate. Sadly, Trinidad and Tobago is the second highest carbon emitter per capita in the world. This means the average citizen produces more carbon dioxide every year than every other global citizen except Qatar. We are here to show our decision makers that we want them to recognise our responsibility and commitment globally.
Poon Kong agreed that the presence of both the public and private sector at the rally and march was encouraging:
We need everyone to work towards climate emissions together — not just at the grassroots level but also from the top down — from governments to multinationals to organisations like embassies and the United Nations, which already have projects happening. This march was a signal to the Government of Trinidad and Tobago that we, the citizens, are concerned about our environment and about climate change. The same way China gets one vote, Trinidad and Tobago gets one vote. We are just as important a voice in the decision-making process in Paris, and this is especially significant considering that we are one of the greatest emitters of greenhouse gases per capita. Let's not waste this opportunity to help change the course of the world.