In the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu on August 11, about 50 students staged a sit-in at the University of Madras to protest the removal of Professor Ramu Manivannan, head of the Department of Politics and Public Administration at the University of Madras.
Manivannan has been removed because he refused to take action against 11 students participating in gatherings against alcohol sales in the state. Alcohol sales are a huge cash cow for the local government.
The students demand that the university administration reinstate him.
A shocking video of a 4-year-old boy being forced to drink alcohol by a group of men in Tiruvannamalai, which circulated on social media, acted as the trigger for widespread demand to control the sale of alcohol in the state.
And demands intensified after a notable Gandhian and anti-liquor activist Sasi Perumal died during a local protest against a government-run liquor shop.
Last week a group of students from Pachaiyappan College were beaten by the police as they pelted stones at government-run liquor shops in the capital city of Chennai.
Similar demonstrations have taken place across the state, leading to the arrest of thousands of protesters. They claim the Tamil Nadu state government has used its police force to threaten and beat hundreds of students and activists.
Raising his concern over the Tamil Nadu state government's draconian way of crushing the protesters, blogger Tamil Elango wrote:
உண்மையில் மதுவை எதிர்த்து முதன் முதல் குரல் கொடுத்தவர் நமது திருவள்ளுவர்தான். ”கள்ளுண்ணாமை” என்று ஒரு அதிகாரமே திருக்குறளில் இருக்கிறது. இன்றைக்கு அவர் இருந்திருந்தால் மதுவை எதிர்த்த குற்றத்திற்காக புழல் சிறையில் பிடித்து போட்டு இருப்பார்கள்.
Our greatest philosopher Thiruvallur (who lived 2,000 years ago) is the one who raised his voice against alcoholism. In his magnum opus, Holy Kural, he dedicated a chapter to dealing with the problems of alcoholism. But, If he was alive today, surely he would be caught and put in jail for his views on alcoholism.
The state government of Tamil Nadu earns around US $3.35 billion a year from selling alcohol l in its 6,827 shops across the state. It is a major income source for the government.
Dr. Lakshmi Vijayakumar is a psychiatrist and the founder of Sneha, an NGO that runs a suicide helpline. He states that the rising number of suicide deaths in the state is directly connected with prevalence of alcoholism.
Not just suicide cases, but also an increasing number of road accidents in the state are related to the people's chronic drinking habits. In 2013, about 2,764 accidents occurred due to alcohol and 718 people were killed in Tamil Nadu by drunk drivers.
It made Tamil Nadu one of the top states in the country for alcohol-related road accidents. Growing alcohol consumption also causes health problems for many, especially economically deprived families.
மதுவிலக்கு கோரிக்கையினால் நடந்த ஒரு உருப்படியான விஷயம் : எவர் வாரிசுக்கு மது / புகையிலை தொழிற்சாலை உள்ளது என்ற விவரம் பகிரங்கமானது தான் !!
— Swathee (@iamswathee) August 5, 2015
As a result of these anti-liquor protests, it is good that we got to know that many prominent politicians and their heirs are the ones who run the alcohol and tobacco production industries in the state.
இப்பொழுது ஏற்பட்டுள்ள மதுவிலக்கு போராட்டம் மாபெரும் போராட்டமாகி மதுவிலக்கை தமிழக அரசு கொண்டு வந்தால் அது நம் தமிழ்நாட்டுக்கே பெருமை தரும்.!
— கோவை காதர் (@MoideenKadhar) August 3, 2015
The protests against the prohibition of alcohol are a great move. If Tamil Nadu government bans the sale of alcohol, it will be greatly appreciated by the general population.
Opposition parties have also begun backing a ban on alcohol, although netizens quickly reacted to their hypocrisy, exposing prominent members of those parties who produce and sell both liquor and tobacco products.
As student activists across the state are continuing their protests, findings of a survey by Satta Panchayat Iyakkam, a local study group, was released on August 13. Its findings show that US $10.33 billion were lost due to alcoholism and related health care costs in the state.