A recent gas-line explosion killed 30 people in Kaohsiung, Taiwan’s second largest city, setting off a debate about the underground pipelines that serve the nation's petrochemical industry. The blast on July 31 demolished streets stretching across two of Kaohsiung's city districts, causing some of the worst destruction in Taiwan's history.
The damage is more easily seen than described, but even the helicopter footage is hard to believe. The devastation, as captured in the video below, was extreme.
Investigators blame the explosion on a faulty underground gas-line, which the state-run China Petroleum Corporation installed in the 1990s. By the time the gas-line blew last month, LCY Corporation, a petrochemical company, was responsible for managing and maintaining some of these gas-lines, sharing the role with the China Petrochemical Development Corporation (CPDC). LCY Corporation and CPDC used the pipes to transport propane, which is a necessary component for the manufacturing of plastics and other similar products.
The inquiry into what caused the explosion has implicated LCY Corporation in failing to maintain the gas-lines.
The leak started approximately three hours before the explosion, instantly killing 30 people. Those with severe and minor injuries rose above 300 in the ensuing chaos. The disaster also claimed the lives of several firefighters and police officers, who were already on the scene responding to complaints about a smell of gas.
Firefighters responded to the leak by dousing the gas-line in water, which it seems only helped spread the draining propane.
On August 6, Citizen of the Earth Taiwan, an environmental NGO, staged a protest in front of the national government's executive building in Taipei, urging officials to adopt stricter regulations on petrochemical companies and underground gas-lines. On Facebook, the group explained its campaign:
There is no turning back for the people of Kaohsiung. It is impossible for millions of Kaohsiung residents to continue living in this gigantic industrial zone! Victims should not have died in vain and those injured should not be suffering in vain. Those who hold power must return justice to the land and to the residents of Kaohsiung. We must give our grandchildren the chance to live better.
Citizen of Earth also demands that Taiwan relocate Kaohsiung's petrochemical companies to more remote locations by next year.
Kaohsiung's deadly incident has united academic experts calling for tighter national controls on the industry and improvements to the management of information surrounding safety and disaster prevention.
The government’s unpreparedness for such a disaster and the absence of gas-line data were the causes of the Kaohsiung gas explosion, which resulted in the worst accident in [Taiwan's] history of industrial safety. In an interview, Sun Chih-Hong, an academic, said the government ignored the need to create a basic geographic information system (GIS), despite numerous warnings from scholars. Sun Chih-Hong suggested that the Ministry of Economic Affairs should conduct a general revision of the country’s entire gas-line infrastructure and establish a joint GIS pipeline system that includes early warnings for hazardous materials. Another academic, Liou Gin-Show, suggested that authorities establish a joint piping channel to manage materials for transportation, repairs, and disaster-monitoring separately, in order to prevent a repeat of the confusion and management issues in Kaohsiung.