A 22-year-old intern working as a photojournalist at a magazine was gang-raped in Mumbai, India while on assignment on August 22, 2013.
The injured victim underwent surgery and is now recuperating. One man out of five suspects has been arrested so far. Like the Delhi gang-rape case (see Global Voices report) in December 2012, yesterday's incident has also evoked nationwide outrage and a renewed search for solutions.
The mainstream and social media are buzzing with discussions on how to stop these rapes.
Neha Sanghvi (@nehasanghvi) was outraged:
Just feeling horrible to hear about the sick gang-rape of a girl in Mumbai city that too in broad daylight. Shame!
— Neha Sanghvi (@nehasanghvi) August 23, 2013
Avinash Iyer (@IyerAvin) tweeted:
Going by initial reports,the Mumbai rape is so similar to the Nirbhaya case. Girl,friend in isolated situation,friend overpowered,girl raped
— Avinash Iyer (@IyerAvin) August 22, 2013
Script writer and blogger Constant Rambler (@ajitjagtap) thinks that impunity is inspiring more crimes:
Gang rape in mumbai. Rapists are taking inspirations from the ones who didnt get punished or even arrested for their filthiness.
— Constant Rambler (@ajitjagtap) August 22, 2013
Rabia sheikh (@Rabiasheikh7) was pessimistic about a solution:
another gang rape..few more protests, nothing is going to change! India is not safe for women #Mumbai
— Rabia sheikh (@Rabiasheikh7) August 23, 2013
But why this frustration? According to Catholic Online, reports of rape, dowry deaths, molestation, sexual harassment and other crimes against women in India rose by 6.4 percent in 2012 from the previous year. Statistics showed that 244,270 crimes against women were reported to the Indian police in 2012 compared with 228,650 in 2011, according to the National Crimes Records Bureau. India's rape problem has been reported as “bad enough to jump out of a window” by The Atlantic magazine, referring to the case of a British tourist who jumped out the window in March 2013 to escape the unwanted advances of the owner of the hotel she was staying in.
Vishal Bheeroo identified the problem:
The main problem is the lack of effective laws to protect women and the sexist comments in parliament is such a shame.
Since the Delhi gang rape, the Justice Verma Report has been submitted, (though not without criticisms), and the Sexual Harassment of Women at the Workplace Bill has been made into a law. However, violence against women persists. Representatives of women’s groups, democratic and human rights groups and activists are alarmed about major ommissions in current legislative protection to women which can leave women even more vulnerable than they already are.
So, what is the best means of response to what seems to be continuous rape cases in India?
Members of the the Red Brigade from a small village in Lucknow, the capital of the state of Uttar Pradesh, are taking matters into their own hands by taking direct action against sexual harassment. Led by 25-year-old teacher Usha Vishwakarma, the Red Brigade began in 2010, about four years after the similar Gulabi Gang.
The Gulabi Gang served as the subject for a 2010 movie called Pink Sari's. However, the Red Brigade is a younger version comprised of girls ages 11 to 25 years old. As the Guardian reported, members of The Red Brigade take:
Direct action against their tormentors and now when a local man steps out of line, he can expect a visit from the group.
Dressed in red and black salwaar kameez (traditional Indian-style dress) many of the girls were victims of violence in the past. They now take martial arts classes and participate in protests.
If a man has been found to be harassing a girl, he is ordered to stop. The consequences may escalate from there and if he does not stop, he may be punished by public mocking or violence. Though they have only resorted to violence on one occasion.
When asked where her courage comes from the leader of the group, Usha Vishwakarma said:
When you suffer, you get that courage. When you are victimized, you get that courage.
Not only fighting, the red brigade members are continuing their education to make a career:
— ABP News (@abpnewstv) August 23, 2013
Meet India's Red Brigade in Lucknow, they protect women and Girls from rapists!!! http://t.co/WogM9Cygyh
— Tosin (@Olutosin) August 14, 2013
As of August 23, activists and journalists gathered at Hutatama Chowk in south Mumbai in a silent protest. The opposition parties took up the issue in parliament and organizations took out rallies in different cities. What they missing are perhaps more pro-active people like vigilantes.
Update: By Sunday 25 August, 2013, the Mumbai police have arrested all the five men wanted in connection with the gang-rape of the photojournalist. The eldest one is 25 years old and the youngest of them is suspected to be 16.