This summer, on June 21, Prime Minister Dmitri Medvedev ordered [ru] the government to auction a construction contract to build another 38 kilometers (23.6 miles) of a still-incomplete toll road between Moscow and Saint Petersburg. By signing the decree, Medvedev awakened a debate about the highway's negative environmental impact that only recently seemed to be subsiding.
Toll roads exist around big cities like Saint Petersburg and Moscow, and are a regular feature of Russia's southern regions, where traffic jams are also a fixture of daily life. Responding to Medvedev's June initiative, some Russian Internet users agreed that the country needs an improved highways infrastructure, and they seem to be ready to pay for it. For instance, blogger nikitskij describes [ru] his experience with toll roads in Saint Petersburg:
Ощущения были положительными — помимо ровного полотна дороги, в Санкт-Петербурге креативно подошли к оформления вдоль трассы, а оно было выше всех похвал. Т.е. было не только быстро, но и красиво!-)
Fandorin_k says “yes” [ru] to toll roads, as well:
Платные дороги нужны, лишь бы про альтернативный объезд не забывали и ремонтировали время от времени.
The plans to build the new toll road [ru] to connect Moscow and Petersburg belong to the Ministry of Transportation and date back to 2006. In November 2011, the Ministry estimated [ru] that driving from Moscow to Petersburg on the new toll road, once it is completed, will cost motorists roughly 1,600 rubles ($49 or €39). In April 2012, the head of Avtodor (The State Company Russian Highways), Sergei Kelbakh, put this figure even lower [ru], approximating that a one-way trip will cost average drivers just 600 rubles ($19 or €15). (Kelbakh explains that nearly 40% of the highway will actually be a freeway without tolls of any kind.)
Amidst the various other estimates about the future costs of using the road, the Internet has proved to be a fertile rumor mill for inflated calculations [ru] about toll levels. Thanks to such concerns and complementary worries about how the state will actually spend the highway's revenues, many bloggers have reacted with strong criticisms. LiveJournal user maydyk, for instance, contends that the highway represents “neofeudalism,” and he attacks the notion that privatization of public works projects delivers the promised benefits:
Платные участки ничем не отличаются от аналогичных бесплатных …
According to blogger sapojnik:
Нас, бессловесное быдло, просто заставят в собственной стране ездить по обычному шоссе ЗА ДЕНЬГИ – только и всего.
In comments on his LJ, sapojnik also appealed [ru] to Nikolai Gogol's classic hero Manilov, a character notorious for never acting on his many dreams:
Lj user gena_t jokes [ru] that the citizens of Moscow and Petersburg are being punished for their political disobedience:
Показали свою нелояльность, походили с белыми ленточками – теперь получили. Потом еще хуже будет.
The question of toll roads is an inevitable controversy in Russia. As the natives say, roads and fools have always been the nation's biggest obstacles. The low quality of Russia's current highway infrastructure remains a kind of national shame. The prospects for better roads, however, could improve, if Russia's millions of Manilovs can learn to replace dreams with action.
I can relate to the “dreams” of non-congested roads, but find it difficult to discuss the Moscow-St.Petersburg motorway with an only cursory mention of the numerous controversies that surround it. The environmental damage is but only one issue, the violent suppression of any opposition by Moscovites and Khimki inhabitants is another well known concern, and allegations of corruption and vested interest are less known, but persevering.
You mention state revenues from the tolls, but will those tolls not rather be collected by the private partner (French company Vinci), since this motorway is run as a public-private partnership (PPP)?
There’s more on the problematic impacts of such PPP schemes, and on this highway in particular, on this website:
And many of the controversies are covered on the citizen protest’s blog: http://www.khimkiforest.org/
All the best,
Many thanks for your comments.
Concerning the cursory character of this post. My aim was (following the format of Global Voices) to describe the reaction of netizens to the event, and the event itself is normally of a second priority for any author here. So, I put all the stuff in a nutshell. I can unterstand that the word “environmental” appears in the beginning and convinces any reader to thinking that it is going to be the main topic, but it is not. I aimed to show that one issue (toll roads) are able to provoke different discussions with different focuses.
Who will charge drivers for using this road. Partially, government directly and partially – private investors. Avtodor, which is state-owned. The highway will be divided into pieces , all owned by government , but some rented by Avtodor and some by the company, 50 % of which belongs to Vinci. That’s how this idea looks like in Russia.
Hopefully, I answered all your questions! Any new ones are always welcome.