This post is part of our special coverage SlutWalks 2011.
“Stand out for yourselves and demand respect. Shame has to switch sides!” This is the cri de guerre of Majdoline Lyazidi, the 20-year-old founder of SlutWalk Morocco, a Facebook page which aims at raising awareness against sexual harassment in the Moroccan society. The concept seems to be catching on, with more than 3,000 members joining in less than 15 days since the page was first created.
The SlutWalk protest marches started out in the city of Toronto, Canada, on April 3, 2011, as a movement against excusing rape by referring to a woman's appearance. It was sparked by a controversial statement made by one of the city's police officers who told a group of young female college students that to protect themselves against rapists “women should avoid dressing like sluts.” It quickly became a global movement with rallies and marches from Sydney to London. See Global Voices coverage on SlutWalks in Costa Rica, India, Brazil and Australia.
The concept didn't quite catch on in the Arab world. Some have blamed the fact on a culturally loaded, Western-centric campaign. Others explain that the region is busy fighting for greater change anyway. But there are those like Majdoline who think a genuine change must include the fight against gender-based forms of violence and a shift in the way women are treated in society.
In an interview with fellow Moroccan blogger Hind, Majdoline explains what inspired her in the first place:
[The SlutWalk movement] was a wake-up call for me. Growing up, I’ve never really understood why society kept teaching us the “don’t get raped” mentality instead of a “don’t rape” one, anchoring that way a never-ending victim blaming process of “she was asking/looking for it”.
I think it’s time to change this mentality, we’ve got to give a chance to the next generations to walk the moroccan streets feeling SAFE & RESPECTED, a feeling moroccan women are missing today.
Majdoline also recognizes the name of the campaign might be an issue:
We want this to be a Moroccan version of SlutWalk and we want it to be 100% moroccan, suiting our society, our community’s beliefs & values. But to tell you the truth, it’s hard to find a name as catchy as “SlutWalk”!
The group's founder has now teamed up with friends, young men and women, to push the idea forward. They have announced an imminent change in the group's name. Suggestions include WomenShoufoush, a play of words which in Moroccan Arabic alludes to seduction but can also be interpreted as a call to find a solution to a problem.
Reactions to the SlutWalk Morocco initiative were mostly supportive, but there are critics as well. The fact the group was launched halfway through the holy Muslim month of Ramadan seems to have angered blogger Youssef Boukhouya. He writes [fr]:
[C]ette petite communauté pointe son nez le mois sacré de Ramadan, ce qui représente un manque de respect envers les marocains, et pour exceller dans la bêtise mis à part qu’ils ont choisi un mauvais timing, ils ont pris un très mauvais exemple pour exprimer leurs soi-disant bonnes intentions avec « le mouvement SlutWalk » ou la marche des salopes tout simplement ! alors imaginez une foule de filles marocaines défiler dans les rues à moitié nues, et nous dire que c’est pour la bonne cause… eh ben C’EST DE LA FOUTAISE rien de plus ! et c’est une chose que je trouve personnellement horrible et inacceptable !
For their part, Moroccans For Change question the wisdom of importing readily available protest methods from the West. They write:
Some of us feel the same way about the Moroccan version of SlutWalk. While we condemn violence against women, we wonder about blindly borrowed activism methods. Clearly, “No” means “No” means “No”. But what’s the Slutwalk have to do with Morocco?
Supporters of SlutWalk Morocco include blogger Mahmoud Khattab. He explains [fr] why he likes the idea:
Personnellement j’adhère au mouvement, par conviction, et par peur. J’ai peur pour ma mère, mes sœurs, mes tantes, ma grand-mère […], et puis j’adhère parce que je vois une lueur d’espoir, même petite mais qui mérite d’être supportée, pour une société qui respecte vraiment les femmes, nos femmes, vos femmes.
In an interview with the local press [fr], Majdouline says her group wants to remain independent but it is also open to feminist and human rights groups in Morocco to help it organize a march in favor of women's rights.
This post is part of our special coverage SlutWalks 2011.
First, to make things clear, I believe, IT IS ALWAYS THE RAPIST’S FAULT.
But, I honestly never agreed with slut work (which I explain at the end). And as much as I hate to say it, I have to defend the Moroccan official, who said to protect yourself from rapist don’t dress slutty. He just said “to protect yourself”, he did not shift the blame from rapist to the victim’s way of dressing.
What the official said is like saying, don’t wear your most expensive valuables, when you go out walking on the street, to protect yourself from being mugged. Stealing and assault is wrong and illegal, but that does not stop sick people from doing that, especially when they see an opportunity in front of them. That does not mean if someone mugged you it’s your fault, IT IS ALWAYS THE MUGGER’S FAULT.
It is always good to take extra precautions to avoid getting robbed, raped, killed, … The world is fill of sickos.
But not taking these precautions doesn’t put you at any fault, it is always the criminals’ fault.
You don’t need to take to the streets and dress obscenely and label yourself as a “slut” to prove that point; it’s common sense:
It is ALWAYS the criminals’ fault, but taking extra precautions is a smart choice, for one’s own safety to avoid traumatizing exeriences. But not taking them does not put a person in any kind of legal, or social fault.
y’know, i think dave chappelle said it best, if you dress like a slut, expected to get treated like one. If i dress up like a police officer and a person comes to me for help and im like “why the fuck do you think im a police officer?”, hes gonna be one confused person. I mean a girl dressed like a slut may not be a slut, but she’s wearing the uniform.
@Syndrome – I think it’s because of people like you that SlutWalk was inspired in the first place. That is a ridiculous and illogical argument that has no basis in reality. Women get raped and sexually assaulted in every single situation imaginable, and it is NOT THEIR FAULT. Dave Chappele is a comedian and as such, uses humor to actually make fun of people who REALLY THINK that. I think that you need to refine your language and subtle humor skills in order to understand that.
Here is a wild guess of mine on why the initiative didn’t catch up in the Arab world that you didn’t mention:
Maybe because the beliefs of the people (Islam and Christianity) suggest believers to dress modestly.
When will our fellow Westerner moral supremacists stop their cultural colonialism, imposing homogenizing standardization of whatever they think is culturally superior (or more progressive/liberal)? And then they complain about some in the Arab world hating us? Oh, it is *their* “evil” and “backwards” beliefs, nothing to do with us Westerner moral supremacists forcing and imposing our whims on them for centuries…
I am an effeminate gay guy from Turkey. As a guy who sometimes gets unwanted indecent offers from some men, I sympathise with SlutWalk organisers and supporters. One should be able to wear whatever he/she wants and have the right to expect not to get harrassed.
The point in Morocco is that no matter how you dress, you still get harassed walking down the street. Even if you are wearing a djellaba, men make stupid comments.
Women should be allowed to go about their business without interference from men. As a foreigner living in Morocco I dress conservatively because I respect the culture – but the culture does not show me the same respect in return. Every time I step onto the street I am subjected to comments like “nice ass” – even when my ass is covered by a loose fitting, full length skirt. Moroccan male friends have taught me what to say in Moroccan Arabic to these ignorant, disrespectful, immature comments – have you no shame, you must respect me etc – because they realise how horrible it is for women here and they wanted to help me. So, not all Moroccan men behave like pigs. But many of them do, and it is shameful. Hashouma.