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Azerbaijan: Chaos as Riot Police Intervene in 2 April Protest

Continuing the wave of pro-democracy protests in Baku, the last being held on 12 March, the opposition's latest “unsanctioned” rally took place yesterday. However, the day was to start with Elnur Majidli, one of the moderators of the 11 March Great People's Day Facebook protest tweeting that a criminal case had been opened against him. The charge is “attempting to overthrow the government.”

As with the previous protests, Twitter was the most popular source of information for those interested with participants and supporters using the #2aprel hashtag to quickly spread information regarding any arrests or the direction the protest was going, especially as Fountain Square, where the protest was supposed to start at 2pm, was under police control from early on.

Fountain Square surrounded by police,2 people sitting in the park (no protesters) has been arrested. #azerbaijan#azerbaycan #2aprel #april2

Fevvareler meydanina boyuk bir polis kutlesi tokubler #2aprel#azerbaijan #baku

There is a mass of policemen concentrated at Fountain Square

Arrests started before the protest did, as reports about activists getting detained in their homes or on their way to the protest from tweeps such as @muntezir flooded in.

#12Mart aksiyasında 8 sutka həbs cəzası alan Müsavat Partiyasının üzvü Niyaz Nəsirov saxlanıb. #2aprel #azerbaycan#april2

Niyaz Nasirov, Musavat party member who was imprisoned for 8 days after 12 March protest, has been detained.

Vüqar Qurdqanlı sərbəst buraxıldı. Ölkəm qəzetinin müxbiri İlham və AXCP fəali Dəyanət Babayev isə hələ də bölmədədirlər #2aprel #azerbaycan

Vugar Gurdganli, Dayanat Babayev and another activist have been detained in their homes in Khirdalan.

18 nəfər Sumqayıtdan Bakıya mitinqə aparan mikroavtobus saxlanıb. Sərnişinlərlə birgə Sumqayıt Polis İdarəsi 4-cü bölməyə aparılıb. #2aprel

A micro-bus taking 18 passengers from Sumgayit to the Baku protest has been stopped. It has been taken to Sumgayit 4th Police Department along with passengers.

Simultaneously, pro-government activists carried out some ‘counter-protests’ of their own.

50-60 nəfər hakimiyyətyönlü gənc Əli Kərimli evi önündə aksiya keçirib. Polis sonradan əraziyə gəlib,aksiya müdaxilə olmadan dağılıb #2aprel

50-60 pro-government youths held a protest outside Ali Karimli's house. The police came later on, the protest ended without any intervention.

The official site of Azadliq newspaper is hacked. #2aprel#Azerbaijan turned into govt propaganda with photoshop images depicting opposition activists as homosexuals etc. *slow clap* #2aprel

2 April protests in Baku © Turkhan's Blog

Members of what many consider to be the ruling party's youth wing, the Ireli Public Union, also started using the #2aprel hashtag to counter anti-government statements as they had during previous protests. Suddenly there were more pro-government tweets than tweets about the protest.

В Азербайджане будут списаны долги населения за воду #azerbaijan #protest

Population's water bill debts will be canceled in Azerbaijan

Given the content unrelated to the protests being held, some considered the pro-government tweets to amount to little more than spam and suggested blocking them. At the protest itself, however, as the riot police got involved things became more heated. Reports came in of tear gas being used, but photos and videos later showed that it was in fact mace.

There were also reports of unknown individuals breaking windows in nearby shops.

government started to use provocators #2aprel #2april #Azerbaijan some group who is not familiar started breaking window of shops

mulki geyimli polsiler texribat toredir, tikintilerin pencerelerinin susesini sindirir. #2aprel

Plainclothes officers are being saboteurs, breaking glass in buildings

Aksiya istirakcilarini polis avtobusa basib.Sonra gozyasardici qazi atib iceri. sonra girib yeniden avtobusa baslayib doymeye! #2Aprel

Police rounded up protesters into a bus. Then they threw tear gas in. Then got into the bus and started beating them again!

In fact some felt, were it not for the police the protest would have just been “more of the same” from the opposition.

Gözlənildiyi kimi, müxalifət tərəfdən ciddi heç nə yoxdur. Amma “vintovkalı” polisləri nəzər alsaq, hakimiyyət ciddi təlaşda =) #2Aprel

As expected, nothing serious coming from the opposition. But if we take into consideration the uptight policemen, the government is seriously worried.

With pro-government activists believing that the police had done a good job, and that reports of injuries were simply opposition propaganda, Rauf Mardiyev of the Ireli Public Union posted the same line in a blog post.

Peşəkarların dili ilə desək polis “təmiz” işlədi. Operativ və səliqəli. Bir nəfərin də olsun burnu qanamadı.

Düzdür, müxalitət propaqandası nəticəsində ayağı “sınan” […] yüzlərlə insan olacaq, bəlkə də Xədicə artıq həmin siyahını qafiyəli formada səsləndirir ya da hansısa local “Al-Kaeda” öz veb səhifəsində yerləşdirib. Həqiqət isə Azərbaycan polisinin davranış və peşəkarlığının əvvəlki illərə nisbətən bir xeyli irəlilədiyini göstərir.

As professionals would say, the police worked “cleanly.” Operative and neat. Not even a nosebleed in sight.

Sure, as a result of opposition propaganda there will be hundreds of people whose […] legs were “broken”, maybe Khadija [Ismayilova, RFE/RL]  is already saying this list in verse or some local “Al-Qaeda” has shared this on its webpage. Reality is that Azerbaijan's police made some real progress in terms of conduct and professionalism.

But, contrary to such claims, tweets about the fate of those detained started to emerge as the protest died down, some of which were graver than usual.

Tazakhan Mirelemli (APFP) eye injured by police at #2aprel protest in #azerbaijan.

There were also allegations of forcing opposition activists to admit to various crimes so as to detain or charge them.

Sumgayit police accused APFP activists of murder, made some of them sign protocol. now they're at home, waiting for the prosecutor's summon

reportedly,crime case opened against 2prominent opposition members,1op.member sentenced 2 1month of pre-trial detention, no exact source tho

Opposition member detained during #april2 protest rallies in Baku is accused of illegal weapon possession #Azerbaijan

APFP vice-chairman Hasan Kerimov taken into resuscitation at #4 Hospital#azerbaijan #2april

All in all, there were reports that anywhere between 115-200 people being detained out of a reported 600-1000 participants, although some of them have since been released.


  • […] in Azerbaijan serving in the army has been sent to the front line following this weekend's protests in Baku, the capital. The post notes that some are alleging the move is part of an attempt to warn the […]

  • […] blogger and journalist Elnur Majidli, now living in France and facing arrest in Azerbaijan for his Facebook activity, has uploaded a screenshot of a status line on the popular social networking site written last year […]

  • […] was also criticism of the protests from some bloggers, although demonstrations still continued the following month. By May, however, attention had already turned to Eurovision. With the annual musical competition, […]

  • […] Those attending shared photos and videos online, using the date's #17Mart tag on twitter, as has been customary since the 2011 Arab Spring.  Pro-government voices responded with their own hashtags, #teessuflenirem (”I find it regrettable”) which criticized the protest and the opposition in general, as well as #Mart17dubl2 which referred to last year's post-Arab Spring protests on 11 March and 2 April. […]

  • […] قام المشاركون كما درجت عليه العادة منذ الربيع العربي 2011، بتبادل الصور والفيديوهات على الإنترنت مستخدمين التاريخ #17 Mart كوسم على تويتر. ردَ المؤيدون للحكومة بوسمهم الخاص:#teessuflenirem (يؤسفني ذلك) الذي ينتقد هذا الاحتجاج والمعارضة بشكل عام، وبالوسم#Mart17dubl2 ،في إشارة إلى فشل احتجاجين في السنة الماضية ، 11 Marchو 2 April. […]

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