East Lake, located at Wuhan city, is a state listed ecological tourist scenic area. It occupies 82 square kilometers, 6 times larger than the Hanzhou West Lake. Being a national 4A tourist area, its planning should be subjected to environmental assessment and public participation accordingly. However, in May 2009, a real estate developer, Overseas Chinese Town, OCT signed an agreement with Wuhan city government on the development with East Lake without public consultation. In December 2009, OCT got the development contract of a large piece of land (3167 mu, 1 mu = 666.67 square meters) occupying 1000 mu lake surface area. (background via
The photo below shows the original beauty of East Lake:
In March 2010, local media exposed the construction plan and on April 2 OCT claimed that the development project does not affect East Lake. However, blogger Yaohaiying pointed out that the so-called artificial fish pond (450 mu) is located at the core part of the scenic area and is clearly defined in the East Lake protection article approved by the State Ministry. The blogger exposed in details the developmental plan:
2. Near the Li Yuan Hospital, at the lake surface of “Lian Bai Mu”, lake water has been pumped away and OCT will reclaim 150 mu lake surface areas.
3. Near Feng Guang Village and Fish pond, OCT will construct a 400 mu water theme park.
The numbers indicated in the map shows how the construction project destroys the East Lake:
The land reclamation in the East Lake has already taken place:
The China Study Group, summarized Time Weekly report explained that the project will destroy local livelihood, pollute the lake water and result in gentrification of public space:
Two villages and a fishery have already been evicted and demolished, starting immediately after the lease was signed last December, and a third villager is in the process of eviction. Villagers and fishery workers claim that part of the compensation promised by OCT has been pocketed by government officials, and when they petitioned the government about this they were assaulted by hired thugs. Most of these petitioners have backed down, but about 50 families in the third village are still holding out. All of this went largely unnoticed by Wuhan’s urban population and the news media for three months.
The chief concern among online critics of the plan was the possible ecological consequences, since water pollution and algae outbreaks have been increasing rapidly throughout China in recent years, rendering half of China’s population and two-thirds of China’s rural population unable to access safe drinking water, according to some reports. In 2007 an algae outbreak (attributed largely to synthetic fertilizers) in Tai lake on China’s east coast rendered the water undrinkable by two million people in Wuxi. In Wuhan, critics of the East Lake development plan also point to the plight of another local lake, Tangsun. On the 1-to-5 scale of water quality, Tangsun went from 1 to 4 within a decade of development, and experts estimate that even the most concerted effort to reverse the lake’s pollution would take at least another decade just to restore it to level 3.
Finally, critics are concerned about gentrification, as the development plan would transform the lake and its environs from a peaceful, clean place where anyone can enjoy the natural world for free (or a small entrance fee for some of the parks) to an expensive, noisy and artificial resort for the rich. In this sense some commentators emphasize that the effort to protect East Lake differs from recent comparable protests in China since its goal is not to protect private property or relocate environmental pollution farther away from the city, but to prevent public property from privatization.
More than 200 netizens self-organized via douban event page for strolling against the construction project in late March:
Let's bring camera and sound system, banners and display cards
This activity is free.
Another post on strolling from my1510:
2. In a specific time, we wear a mask and distribute relevant material (which may be dangerous)
3. We light a flying lantern with “East Lake” written on it. We also need a standardized logo for our action.
Our objective is simple, to stop the construction project that would destroy the East Lake. In the long run, we should make strolling a proactive and constructive expression. We want a equal opportunity to express our opinion rather than confrontation.
However in April 9, volunteers from a number of environmental groups were called upon by counsellors who warned them from further involvement with the development project. douban posted the counsellor notice:
The student organizers also disclosed that the notice is from the provincial level and the police are involved in the investigation.
A twitter hashtag #donghu is used to disseminate and update information regarding the East Lake construction project. However, after the crack down on strolling, there isn't any update in the past two days.