Madagascar: Major Damages from Tropical Storm Eric & Cyclone Fanele

In the past days, Madagascar has been sandwiched between both Tropical Storm Eric and Cyclone Fanele. Considering that last year's cyclone season was particularly deadly, bloggers in Madagascar are weary of the consequences of such natural disasters. Despite growing political tension, many of them reacted promptly to share their thoughts on what seems to be another series of damaging catastrophes.

Tropical Storm Eric made landfall on Monday, January 19, in the region of Fenerive-Est (East coast of Madagascar) with wind speeds reported around 100 km/h. Early morning on Wednesday, Cyclone Fanele hit Morondava and its surroundings with wind gusts up to 240 km/h.

Blogger Tomavana describes the general sentiment in Madagascar:

Tropical Storm Eric traveled along the coast of Analanjirofo and Atsinanana regions on the East coast of Madagascar. We can say that once again, the violent winds are piling on against Madagascar.

Lomelle explains that the district of Fenerive Est was already severely damaged by cyclone Ivan last year (Fr). She adds that authorities seem more prepared this time around in the capital city:

Madagascar ne peut éviter les passages de ces tempêtes tous les ans mais l’essentielle est de se tenir prêts aux éventualités [..] L’exercice de simulation d’Anosimahavelona était spécifique par rapport aux autres quartiers parce que le fleuve d’Ikopa est l’enjeu. Le travail consistait l’évacuation au moment du danger, à la traversée des sinistrés pour sortir de l’inondation à l’aide de pirogues, puis au transport par des camions pour rejoindre les sites d’hébergement. [..] Après cet exercice, il se peut que le taux des sinistrés puisse baisser car la prévention est bien préparée et assurée.

Madagascar cannot prevent those storms from coming every year but the important part is to be prepared [..] the crisis simulation exercise for the Anosimahavelona quarter was a bit more specific than for the others because of its proximity to the Ikopa river. The exercise consisted of evacuating the danger site, carrying the victims out of the flooded areas by canoe, then transporting them to the rescue site by truck [..] After this exercise, it seems that preventive measures were well-prepared and ready and that it may result in reducing the number of victims.

Flooding evacuation excercise by Lomelle

Tomavana adds in a follow up post that the initial temporary reports from the passage of Cyclone Fanele in the Southwest region are extremely worrisome (Fr):

- A cause de l’extrême violence des rafales [> 260 kmh] plus aucune maison d’habitation n’a de toit dans le district de Morondava.
– Le journal Express de Madagascar avance le bilan des sans abris à “environ 64 000 personnes sur les 80 000 habitant la ville n’ont plus de toit.”
– Aucune nouvelle du district de Manja depuis hier 23h00 locale.
– L’onde de tempête a provoqué des raz-de-marée dans la région de Belo-sur-Mer et Ankoba.

Because of the extremely violent wind gusts (> 260km/h), most homes in the county of Morondava are without roofs.
The newspaper Express de Madagascar estimates that 64,000 out of the 80,000 total population are now roofless.
The county of Manja has been cut out of all communication since 23h00 local time yesterday (Jan 20th).
The storm also induced tidal waves in the Belo-sur-Mer region and Ankoba.


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