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Meet The New Urban Cambodian Woman And Blogger: Keo Kalyan

In a country where long-time respected traditions dominate the way of life of the people, the role of women in education, social work and general lifestyle is still limited compared to men. “Women are supposed to stay at home, and always behave quietly and sweetly,” stated the Women’s Code of Conduct (Chbab Srey in Khmer) – a rhyming poem from 1848 that instructed women how to behave in their married life, within their family, and in the community.

In Cambodia, for every three boys, only one girl attends secondary school. In most parent's minds, for some reasons, this discrepancy in thinking exists because families consider education of a boy to be more economically rewarding. They think that over-education of a girl can be a handicap to her marriage prospects, and that the liability of a girl getting abducted while commuting to secondary school is great. Many cannot afford to keep their daughters in school, and as cultural gender biases favor the education of boys over girls, many young girls in Cambodia drop out of school after grade 6.

“Nowadays, younger generations have access to a better lifestyle. There are more opportunities for them in areas such as education as more scholarships are being offered. However, I can see only a few of them realise this and are trying hard to grab these opportunities,” said young graduate Keo Kalyan.

However, with the success of more women, in particular many graduates from abroad, a turning point is about to happen. They are not going to change the old tradition, but to shape it for this new millennium.

At age 22, Keo Kalyan is a trend-setter. Born in Kandal, a province that shares border with Phnom Penh, she moved to the Cambodian capital city with her parents, where she was raised and schooled. Kalyan now lives a more fashionable life than those living in rural areas. Like the vast majority of Cambodians, Kalyan is friendly and wears a smile – not something one would expect from citizens of a country recovering from decades of war and conflict.

Keo Kalyan in her classroom
A new generation of Cambodia: Keo Kalyan

Unilke most young women of her age who are at home doing housework, Kalyan, both studies and works hard to fill her hunger of knowledge and experience. She holds two Bachelor degrees, one in Business Administration from National University of Management, and the other in Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) from Institute of Foreign in Language. Currently, the determined graduate works as a teacher of English at a private language school, and is actively involved in several social work projects, one of which is advocating young people to realize open communication using the available basic digital technology: blogging. The need of dialogues between people is vital to the development of the nation although debate is still something new to this country.

“By having this blog, I can share my daily activities and thoughts with my friends and with other people around the world.”

As an admirer of Angelina Jolie, an American film actress and a Goodwill Ambassador for the UN Refugee Agency, Kalyan, also known by her nick name Vanilla, knows what she can contribute to her home country that was torn apart by several decades of armed conflict. Believing that her home country should be more active in diplomatic relations on the international stage, she is thrilled to be part of the early stage of rebuilding.

Having recently passed a preliminary test for the Fulbright scholarship, Kalyan hopes to set off for the United States to major in a public administration masters degree.

I talked to Kalyan, asked her some questions to get more insights about her life, her Fulbright scholarship as well as her views on young people.

ThaRum: Would you please tell me more about yourself?
Kalyan: I was born in Ta Khmao, Kandal province; but I grew up and started school in Phnom Penh. My father works at the Ministry of Education, Youths and Sports and my mother is a seller. I am the only daughter and also the youngest one in the family as I have two elder brothers.

I finished high school in 2001, and at the same year I passed a scholarship to study BBA, majoring in Accounting, at the National University of Management (NUM). In 2002, I started another degree, B.Ed, majoring in TEFL, at Institute of Foreign Languages (IFL). In 2004, I was selected as one of the four Cambodian fellows to join the SIF-ASEAN Students Fellowship in Singapore for 20 weeks. During that time, I was also taking some Accounting courses at Singapore Management University (SMU). Two weeks upon my return from Singapore, I flew to Australia for an exchange study under the Peace Scholarship Trust, initiated by IDP Australia. I spent 2 semesters studying at University of Tasmania (UTAS) in Hobart, Tasmania. Recently, I have just graduated from IFL and NUM.

Beside academic study, I have also been very active in participating in a number of extracurricular activities, community services and voluntary work. I am one of the founders of the Volunteers Without Borders (VWB), established by the Cambodian Alumni of the Fellowship in Singapore. I am also a member of the Australian Alumni Association (AAA) in Cambodia. Currently, I am also a teacher at New World Institute (NWI).

ThaRum: Recently you have passed Fulbright scholarship’s preliminary exam, what have you done to prepare yourself for this?
Kalyan: To get a scholarship, it is important that your academic background, particularly your study records, must be outstanding. I have always been one of the top students since primary school. When I was little, I would always have an ambition to pass the scholarship to study abroad – the US, the UK or Australia. Thus, I told myself to study hard and paved my own way to get to my ambition. I knew that the first step was to enhance my English proficiency and accuracy. Then, beside strong academic background and English, I also had to broaden my general knowledge and being active in participating in any extra-curricular activities in schools and in any community services or voluntary work in the community. And finally and foremostly is to improve my personalities and communicational skills. To get the scholarship you need to be interviewed and during the interview, personality is one of the crucial criteria in judgment.

ThaRum: Any thoughts and advices for younger Cambodians to prepare for such a significant advancement?
Kalyan: As mentioned in the previous question, academic background is very important because they will ask for a submission of your transcripts. Thus, if you aim to get a scholarship, as I have already mentioned, you need to study hard and be an outstanding student. Also, it is important to start early! I mean shape your path to your aim very early. You need to know what you want and then try to find ways how to achieve what you want. Draw a milestone for your future.

Beside strong academic background, you need to be very active in helping the community by participating any extra-curricular activities or voluntary work in the community. This also helps build your communicational skills and personality, especially in teamwork.

One more thing is that you need to be knowledgeable in various issues in the world. Being an outstanding student, it doesn’t mean that you should only focus on one issue that is your major or specialization without caring to know other issues associated with or even not associated with. It is important to broaden your general knowledge, especially about the outside world and more importantly widen your network.

ThaRum: What is your opinion about the younger generation of Cambodia?
Kalyan: Nowadays, young generation can access to better lifestyles, in particular there are more opportunities for them such as better education and more scholarships being offered. However, I can see only a few of them realise are trying hard to grab these opportunities. On the other hand, most of them are being too much entertained by the pop cultures and pay less attention to school work. I have observed so far that the quality of education among the young generation has significantly decreased. However, I am still optimistic that the future is not going to be worse. I believe that those young people are very bright, creative and enthusiastic. They have more access to new technologies, better health care and resources. I hope that one day they will change their attitudes and realise the opportunities they can grab for their future.

ThaRum: Coming to blogging, you started to blog back in March 2005, why did you start having your own weblog?
Kalyan: At first I was introduced to weblog by my friends in Singapore, and that was back in 2004. However, at the time I was not very interested in blogging as I was at the time also designing my own website using frontpage and flash media with the help from my senior in Singapore. Besides, I was busy with the fellowship program. However, when I was in Australia, I was getting a bit bored, so I usually went online and browsed through this and that. I came across a few nice blogs of Cambodian students overseas, so I got interested and also my website was not hosted yet as I couldn’t find any free web hosting for my website. By finding out that blog is just like a website and it’s very easy to post and upload pic, so I decided to give it a try. Since then, I forget bout my website and I have developed my blog and it’s been very popular. ;-)

By having this blog, I can share my daily activities and thoughts with my friends and with other people around the world.


  • Dear San,

    It is nice to hear from you and that you would like to learn more about our culture. Definitely, you can always contact me anytime. and you can find my e-mail address in the previous comment.


  • […] Presenter Kalyan gave her personal impression after a workshop in Cambodia’s largest university that attracted 400 student: Yesterday our workshop on Personal Information Technology was held at PUC, and beyond our expectation there were about more than 400 participants including the Deans and the lecturers. I was very nervous… […]

  • Sothon

    Dear Kalyan,
    My name is Sothon. Afer i have read your interiview, it makes me so proud of you. You are a lady but you even have strong-will any the others. I have some question to ask you that related to study abroad especailly scholarship. I just interested in studying abroad, however, the requirment is very hight that i feel not so confident to apply it. One reason is that i am not outstanding student, but i do want to be one day. Now, i want to improve myself to be good. Now, first thing i should do is find out how to get started.
    I feel that it’s abit late for me, isnt it?
    Ok, i would like to get some advice from your challenging experience. Do you mind?
    I would appreciate for your kindness.
    Sorry for making any mistake in my writting.


  • sok norea

    Hello kALYAN !


  • Dear Vanilla,
    It’s very interesting to read the interview with ThaRum
    I find out that you are so brilliant for our society.
    You are so active at school and the Community in Cambodia as well as Singapore and Australia.
    May I send my compliment to Vanilla and Tharum
    for this valued information.

    Sincerly yours
    Siempang Y

  • sothon, u may e-mail me for more info. cheers…

    Hi nOREA

    thanks Siempang

  • sopheak

    Dear: all
    now i’m very interesting to your project that your tour really happy and very kindly to visite the poor family .
    even i just stay and work in one place but when i go to your site it seem that i’ve travelled everywhere .
    and thanks you for your sharing some info to me .
    wish you all good luck and have nice day .


    Dear Bong Kalyan

    I am a freshman at Medai Department and Communication of Royal University of Phnom Penh. Your educational background is really interesting, and not many Cambodain students could have done lkie you. I who am dreaming most of the time about how to get scholarship to study abroad usa, ukau and stralia don’t know much about the to way to do, but after having read your conversation between you and tharum I know some. May you tell me how can I find exchange program or peace scholarship as you did? Please help inform any educational information to poor cambodian like me; not only bong Kalyan are invited to inform, but also anybody are welcomed.

    Thank you very much for helping develop human resources.

  • piseth

    Dear Kalyan,
    i came across your blog by chance on the internet last year. after having read your blog i found out that your are such a great lady and cambodia really need this kind of people like you to help build the country. I am proud of your accomplishement. keep doing the good work.well i have nothing much to write here but just wanna say congratulation and have a good stay in NY and appeal to cambodian young generation to take kalyan as a model to self develop for the family benefit and for the sake of our beloved country.


  • Kate

    Dear Kalyan

    I came across your article by accident and I find it is very interesting. I am very happy for your accomplishment and that you are a very determined person. We need more young woman like yourself, who is sincere and a good citizen to the country.

    Last year my friend went to Cambodia and married a woman from Cambodia. He never married before in his life and he went to marry a woman mane Mouy Chhung he sponsored her to Canada. She only got to Canada just one day and she already start a fight and wanted a divorce and she told him that she only used him to come to Canada. After one week she left him. She is the most wicked witch from hell, very manipulative, very calculative, very vicious, very evil and does not care about anyone, but herself only. He paid for every things for her and at the end she stabbed him in the back. Her and family used him to just to come to Canada. She is young and healthy, but she is lazy to look for job, she would rather go on welfare. She use people to Canada and then threat to kill him and abuse the system in here. what kind of a person is that ?


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